文章摘要
叶燕如,李丽萍,卢耀贵,张铭志,高杨,GriffithsSian.农村儿童自行车道路交通伤害发生原因的定性研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2010,31(10):1094-1097
农村儿童自行车道路交通伤害发生原因的定性研究
Determinants of bicycle injury among school-aged children in rural China:a qualitative study
收稿日期:2010-08-15  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2010.10.005
中文关键词: 自行车;伤害;中学生;定性研究
英文关键词: Bicycle;Injury;Middle school student;Qualitative research
基金项目:牛津大学李嘉诚基金会科研项目以及世界银行和全球健康研究论坛项目(RTIRNWB004H)
作者单位E-mail
叶燕如 515041 汕头大学医学院伤害预防研究中心 lpli@stu.edu.En 
李丽萍 515041 汕头大学医学院伤害预防研究中心  
卢耀贵 515041 汕头大学医学院伤害预防研究中心  
张铭志 汕头大学香港中文大学联合国际眼科中心  
高杨 香港中文大学公共卫生学院  
GriffithsSian 香港中文大学公共卫生学院  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨农村地区儿童自行车伤害发生的原因及其相关人群的态度。方法 采 用焦点小组访谈的定性研究方法 ,围绕自行车伤害发生的原因及态度等问题,对广东省两地Ⅸ农 村103名调查对象共14个专题小组进行访谈。研究人员经过统一培训,调查对象包括学生、家长 和教师3类人群。对访谈的伞部内容进行录音,并应用QSR NVivo 8.0软件对访谈内容进行辅助 分析。结果 访谈对象认为不遵守交通规则、骑车不专心和车速太快是导致儿童发生自行车伤害 的主要原阒;相对重要性分别为1.00、0.80和0.78。学生、家长及教师t组人群均从主观及客观原 因两方面分析r儿童发生自行车伤害的原因,但不同人群对伤害发生的各种原因存在不同的观 点,i组人群中认为骑车速度快(在学生组访谈中出现14频次,家长组8频次)和不遵守交通规则 (教师组出现14频次)为主观原因;而路况差是客观原因(出现23频次)。结论 广东省两地区农 村不删人群对儿童自行车伤害的认识普遍不高,应加强农村儿童道路伤害预防的健康教育,提高 农民的道路安全意识。
英文摘要:
      0bjective To investigate the causes of bicycle injuries among middle school students in iMraI areas and attitudes of students。their parents and teachers toward bicycle injuries. Methods 103 respondents in 14 groups were interviewed using focus group discussion outline.Data were taped and interpreted by two experienced researchers USing the QSR NVivo 8.0 software. Results Disobeying the traffic rules,riding bicycle carelessly and fast speed when riding bicycle were the first leading causes of bicycle iniuries among middle school students.The relative importance of disobeying traffic rules,inattentive riding the bicycles and fast speed were 1.00,0.80 and 0.78 respectively.Students,their parents and teachers held difierent attitudes toward the determinants of child bicycle iniuries.The three groups considered the most importance objective cause was‘poor road condition(23 person-time)’.Fast riding speed was the most important subjective cause (students and parents were 14 and 8 person-time during the interview)but teachers thought that disobeying trafile rules was the most important one(bv 1 4 person.time).Conclusion Residents in rural China had lOW awareness of child bicycle injuries.There iS a need to improve the awareness of road safety among rural residents.Future intervention strategies should be tailored to address main determinants to reduce the incidence of road tramc injuries among children.
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