文章摘要
张衍粜,周脉耕,贾予平,胡以松,张金良,江国虹,潘小川.天津市大气气态污染物与居民每日死亡关系的时间序列分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2010,31(10):1158-1162
天津市大气气态污染物与居民每日死亡关系的时间序列分析
Time-series analysis on the association between gaseous air poHutants and daffy mortality in urban residents in Tianjin
收稿日期:2010-02-08  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2010.10.019
中文关键词: 空气污染;时间序列分析;二氧化硫;二氧化氮
英文关键词: Air pollution;Time-series analysis;Sulphur dioxide;Nitrogen dioxide
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(30972433);“十一五”国家科技支撑计划(2007BAcl6807)
作者单位E-mail
张衍粜 100012 北京, 中国环境科学研究院环境污染与健康研究室 xcpan@hsc.pku.edu.Cn 
周脉耕 中国疾病预防控制巾心公共卫生监测号信息服务中心  
贾予平 北京市疾病预防控制中心环境卫生所  
胡以松 中国疾病预防控制巾心公共卫生监测号信息服务中心  
张金良 100012 北京, 中国环境科学研究院环境污染与健康研究室  
江国虹 天津市疾病预防控制中心非传染病预防控制所  
潘小川 北京大学公共卫生学院劳动卫生与环境卫生学系  
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究天津市大气气态污染物二氧化硫(SO2)和二氧化氮(NO2)与城区居民每 日死亡问的相关性。方法 收集天津市城区2005-2007年大气丰要污染物[SO2、NO2和可吸入 颗粒物(PM10)]日平均浓度、日平均气温和相对湿度以及每日死冈别死亡人数,采用广义相加模 型,控制长期和季节趋势、气温和相对湿度等气象因素的影响,探讨SO2和NO2日平均浓度与每Et 死因别死亡问的相关性,分析PM10及模型参数对其相对危险度估计的影响。结果 大气SO2和 NO2与人群每日非意外死亡和循环系统疾病死亡问显著相关,与呼吸系统疾病问无显著关联。 SO2浓度每升高10 1.tg/m3,人群非意外死亡和循环系统疾病死亡分别增加0.56%(0.23%~0.89%) 和0.49%(0.06%一0.93%);NO2浓度每升高10 Ixedm3,人群非意外死产和循环系统疾病死亡分别增 加0.94%(0.17%~1.70%)和1.29%(0.29%~2.30%)。结论 天津市大气SO2和NO2污染与城区居 民每日非意外死亡和循环系统疾病死亡显著相关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the association between sulphur dioxide,nitrogen dioxide and dailv mortality in urban population from Tianjin.Methods Data on daily concentration of inhalable particulate maRer.sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide,daily mean temperature and relative humidity.daily cause.specific death countS were collected.Generalized additive models was used to explore the relationship between sulphur dioxide,nitrogen dioxide and daily mortality,after adjusting the eriects of long-term and seasonal trend.weather conditions。and to analyze the potential efrect of particulate matter and model parameters on relative risk estimates.Results Results showed mat the daily concentrations of S02 and N02 were significantly associated with daily non-accidental and cardiovascular mortality but not associated with daily respiratory mortalitY.An increase of 1 0 LL g/m3 in S02 was associated with 0.56%(95%C,:0.23%-0.89%)non-accidental morality,0.49% (0.06%-0.93%)cardiovascular morality,respectively.An increase of 10ug/m‘in N02 was associated with 0.94%(95%C/:0.1 7%-1.70%)non.accidental morality。1.29%(0.29%-2.30%)cardiovascular morality.respectively.Conclusion Our findings suggested that exposure to S02 and N02 was significantly associated with daily cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in urban population in Tianjin.
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