文章摘要
赛晓勇,郑延松,赵静梅,赵威.食物不耐受流行现状及其相关因素的横断面调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(3):302-305
食物不耐受流行现状及其相关因素的横断面调查
A cross sectional survey on the prevalence of food intolerance and its determinants in Beijing,China
投稿时间:2010-08-04  
DOI:
中文关键词: 食物不耐受;危险因素;横断面研究
英文关键词: Food intolerance;Risk factor;Cross sectional survey
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
赛晓勇 解放军总医院老年医学研究所, 北京 100853 saixiaoyong@163.com 
郑延松 南楼临床部健康医学中心  
赵静梅 解放军总医院老年医学研究所, 北京 100853  
赵威 南楼临床部健康医学中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨居民食物不耐受流行情况及相关影响因素.方法 选取2008年8月至2009年6月某综合医院健康医学中心第一次查体进行食物不耐受项目检测的全部健康体检者(12 766人),应用非条件logistic回归模型进行多因素分析.结果 排名前三位的食物不耐受种类分别为鸡蛋、蟹和牛奶,其阳性率分别为28.5%、24.5%和24.5%.食物不耐受发生率随年龄的增加有增高趋势(P<0.05),女性发生率(67.3%)显著高于男性(56.2%),P<0.05.食物不耐受不同分级、不同种类与年龄和性别间存在相关关系(P<0.05),其中食物不耐受不同分级与年龄分组间x2=19.555(P=0.021),与性别间x2=208.406(P=0.000);食物不耐受种类与年龄分组间x2=81.796(P=0.000),与性别间x2=132.068(P=0.000).logistic回归分析结果显示,与≤40岁组比较,41~50岁组、51~60岁组和>60岁组OR值(95%CI)分别为1.125(1.027~1.233)、1.307(1.176~1.452)和1.536(1.275~1.849);与男性比较,女性OR值(95%CI)为1.602(1.475~1.741).与正常体重者比较,体重过轻者OR值(95%CI)为1.772(1.207~2.602).结论 食物不耐受与年龄、性别和体重指数相关,健康教育应针对其年龄和性别分布特点进行,保持适宜体重水平可以减少食物不耐受发生的风险.
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the prevalence of food intolerance among attendants in a general hospital and to learn its related determinants in Beijing,China.Methods An cross sectional survey,from August 1st,2008 to June 30th,2009,was carried out,including 12 766 adults from Health Sciences Center,Chinese PLA General Hospital.Data for epidemiological analysis were entered (double entry) into computer and organized by EpiData 3.0.Non-conditional logistic regression model was used for odd ratio (OR) and 95%CI calculation,with statistic analysis through SPSS 13.0.Results The three leading intolerance food items were egg,crab and milk,and the prevalence rates were 28.5%,24.5% and 24.5% respectively.Prevalence of food intolerance increased along with aging.Levels and the kinds of food intolerance were associated with age,sex and appeared a linear correlation tendency (P<0.05).Prevalence of food intolerance in females (67.3%) was higher than that in males (56.2%).Data from multiple regression analysis showed that,comparing with age group under 40 and 40 years,the OR(95%CI) of age group 41-50,51-60,and above 60 were 1.125(1.027-1.233),1.307(l.176-1.452)and 1.536(1.275-1.849)respectively.Compared to males,the OR (95% CI) of females was 1.602 (1.475-1.741).When compared with normal weights,the OR (95%CI) of people with low weight was 1.772 (1.207-2.602).Conclusion Food intolerance was associated with age,sex and body mass index.Health education should be carried out according to the related characteristics of age and sex.Suggesting that reducing the risk of food intolerance,keeping the suitable weight was necessary.
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