文章摘要
苏普玉,郝加虎,黄朝辉,肖利敏,陶芳标.2575名在校大学生亲密伴侣暴力现况研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(4):346-351
2575名在校大学生亲密伴侣暴力现况研究
An investigation oil the epidemic situation of intimate partner violence in 2575 coHege students
收稿日期:2010-10-11  出版日期:2014-09-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 暴力;亲密伴侣;性行为;心理卫生;大学生
英文关键词: Intimate partner violence;Sexual behavior;Mental health;Undergraduate
基金项目:安徽省教育厅高校省级自然科学研究项目(KJ20108392)
作者单位E-mail
苏普玉 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032  
郝加虎 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032  
黄朝辉 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032  
肖利敏 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032  
陶芳标 安徽医科大学公共卫生学院儿少卫生与妇幼保健学系, 合肥 230032 fbtao@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的了解大学生恋爱中的性行为和亲密伴侣暴力行为情况,探讨亲密伴侣暴力与大学生其他部分心理行为的关系。方法采取整群抽样的方法,对合肥和芜湖市3所高校2575名在校大学生进行问卷调查,内容包括恋爱情况、遭受亲密伴侣暴力情况、抑郁症状、自尊、学校生活满意度和自杀相关心理行为。f检验和方差分析探讨不同恋爱经历大学生心理行为状况的差异。结果2575名大学生中46.9%有过恋爱经历;男生高于女生,大二、三年级学生高于大一年级学生(f值分别为44.13、161.84,P值均<0.05)。目前正在恋爱的大学生中21.1%报告与现在的恋人发生过性行为,其中仅有21.8%(34/156)每次都使用安全套,11.5%(18/156)从不采用任何避孕措施,18.6%(29/156)与现在恋人(女友)发生性行为而怀孕,孕后到正规医院进行处理的比例仅占48.3%(14/29)。有过恋爱经历的大学生中,遭受躯体暴力、心理暴力、性暴力、总暴力的报告率分别为18.O%、33.6%、5.1%、37.1%;男生遭受躯体暴力、心理暴力、总暴力的比例均高于女生,女生遭受性暴力的比例高于男生(f值分别为70.2l、13.25、14.04、5.77,P值均<0.05)。在遭受过亲密伴侣暴力的大学生中,有74.2%(345/446)经历过3次以上亲密伴侣暴力。经历过亲密伴侣暴力的大学生抑郁症状得分最高,自尊和学校生活满意度得分最低(F值分别为4.oo、16.39和8.76,P值均<0.05),自杀意念、自杀计划、自杀准备、自杀未遂的报告率均最高(f值分别为13.80、9.72、8.52、11.96,P值均<0.05)。结论大学生恋人间性行为发生率较高,且保护意识缺乏;大学生亲密伴侣暴力现象较常见,且与其他不良心理行为关系密切。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the prevalence of love affairs and intimate partner violence.and to explore the relationship between intimate partner violence and other mental health and risk behavior in college students.Methods Three universities were selected tlSing cluster sampling method in Hefei and、vlJhu.Totally.2575 college students completed all anonymous questionnaire.Intimate partner violence。depression,satisfaction of schoollifc,self-esteem,suicidal psychology and behavior were evaluated to estimate the relationship between intimate partner violence and mental health/risk behavior.Results There were 46.9%students reported that they had intimate partner currently or in the past.The rate of having intimate partner in male students was higher than that in female students(x2----44.13,P<0.001).And the rates were higher in sophomores and jnniors than in freshmen(X2=161.84。PConclusion<.b> The rate of having sexual behavior wi山their intimate partners was higll in college students,but their self-protection awareness was insufficient.In the present study.a high prevalence of intimate partner violence among university students WaS observed,and highlighted a need for attention to the other mental health and risk behavior in adolescents with intimate partner riolence.
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