文章摘要
范颂,孙燕鸣,卢红艳,马小燕,岳海,陆莉,贺雄,马伟,李雪峰,萧燕,阮玉华,邵一鸣.北京市男男性行为者安全套使用社会规范与无保护性肛交关系的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(5):473-476
北京市男男性行为者安全套使用社会规范与无保护性肛交关系的研究
Analysis on the relationship between condom social norms and unprotected anal intercourse among men who have sex with men in Beijing
收稿日期:2010-12-24  出版日期:2014-09-10
DOI:
中文关键词: 男男性行为者;无保护性肛交;社会规范;饮酒
英文关键词: Men who have sex with men;Unprotected anal intercourse;Social norms;Alcohol
基金项目:美国国立卫生研究院资助(R01AI078933);国家科技重大专项(2008ZX10001-004,2009ZX10004-903,2009DFB30420)
作者单位E-mail
范颂 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
孙燕鸣 北京市疾病预防控制中心  
卢红艳 北京市疾病预防控制中心  
马小燕 北京市疾病预防控制中心  
岳海 北京市疾病预防控制中心  
陆莉 北京市疾病预防控制中心  
贺雄 北京市疾病预防控制中心  
马伟 山东大学公共卫生学院  
李雪峰 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
萧燕 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206 xiaoyan@chinaaids.cn 
阮玉华 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206 ruanyuhua92@gmail.com 
邵一鸣 中国疾病预防控制中心性病艾滋病预防控制中心, 北京 102206  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解北京市男男性行为者(MSM)无保护性肛交发生情况及其与社区安全套使用社会规范的关系.方法 2009年9-10月采用应答驱动抽样方法(RDS)在北京市MSM中开展调查,问卷采用计算机辅助调查员访谈式,内容包括人口学、性行为学特征及安全套使用社会规范,使用RDSAT和SAS进行统计学分析.结果 500名MSM平均年龄30.6岁,96.0%为汉族,高中及以上文化程度者占68.5%,72.8%未婚.61.2%最近6个月男性性伴数量>1;42.0%的调查对象最近一次发生过无保护性肛交.多因素统计分析表明,差异有统计学意义的变量包括安全套使用社会规范计分低(AOR=1.2,95%CI:1.1-1.3),肛交中非主动角色(AOR=2.0,95%CI:1.3-3.2)和近12个月饮酒次数>3次/月(AOR=1.6.95%CI:1.1-2.5).MSM社区安全套使用社会规范量表内部一致性检验克朗巴赫系数为0.93.结论 北京市MSM无保护性肛交行为发生率较高,应充分发挥MSM社区内社会规范的作用,减少无保护性肛交行为的发生.
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the prevalence of and factors associated with unprotected anal intercourse(UAI)among men who have sex with men(MSM)in Beijing.Methods Five hundred MSM were recruited for a survey using Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS)method, from September to October in 2009. A computer-assisted, interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to gather information including demographics, sexual behaviors and condom use social norms(a scaled number). Variables were evaluated by using RDSAT and SAS software.Results Mean age of the participants was 30.6 years, with 96.0% of them as Han ethnicity and68.5% having had at least high school or higher education level. 72.8% of them were unmarried, with 61.7% of them identified themselves as homosexual, 61.2% had > 1 male partners in the past six months, and the prevalence of UAI was 42.0%. Significant bivariate predictors of UAI would include condom use social norms score, role for anal sex with male sex partner, number of male sexual partners in the past 6 months and amount of alcohol consumed. In multivariable analysis, UAI was associated with a higher condom use social norms score(AOR= 1.2, 95%CI: 1.1-1.3), receptive anal intercourse(AOR=2.0, 95%CI: 1.3-3.2)and drinking alcohol more than 3 times per month in the past 12 months(AOR=1.6, 95%CI: 1.1-2.5). Conclusion The prevalence of UAI was high in the MSM community in Beijing, suggesting that efforts should be targeting on how to make the condom use a social norm and being promoted.
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