文章摘要
孙军玲,张莹,伏晓庆,师玉琼,李雪梅,张伟东,张静.基于发热症状监测系统的甲型副伤寒疾病负担分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2011,32(8):796-799
基于发热症状监测系统的甲型副伤寒疾病负担分析
Burden of disease regarding paratyphoid fever A— based on the Syndromic Surveillance System on Fever
收稿日期:2011-03-21  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:
中文关键词: 甲型副伤寒  疾病负担  发热症状监测
英文关键词: Paratyphoid fever A  Disease burden  Fever syndromic surveillance
基金项目:卫生部公益性行业科研专项(200802025)
作者单位E-mail
孙军玲 102206 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心(孙军玲、张伟东、张静)  
张莹 河南省济源市疾病预防控制中心(张莹)  
伏晓庆 云南省疾病预防控制中心(伏晓庆)  
师玉琼 云南省玉溪市红塔区疾病预防控制中心(师玉琼、李雪梅)  
李雪梅 云南省玉溪市红塔区疾病预防控制中心(师玉琼、李雪梅)  
张伟东 102206 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心(孙军玲、张伟东、张静)  
张静 102206 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心(孙军玲、张伟东、张静) jkccdc@vip.sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的<\b>评估云南省玉溪市红塔区2008 年5 月1 日至2009 年4 月30 日甲型副伤寒的流行病学负担。方法<\b>在建立基于全人群的发热症状监测系统基础上,分别调查和测算红塔区发热病例的就诊率,就诊病例采样率,样本检测率,检测方法<\b>灵敏度和实验室确诊病例报告率等,根据食源型疾病的疾病负担金字塔模型对当地伤寒、副伤寒的实际发病数进行估算和分析。结果<\b>发热症状监测系统一年内共监测红塔区发热病例6642 例,采样并检测6570 例,采样率为98.92%,检测率为100%。确诊居住在红塔区的甲型副伤寒阳性病例354 例。调查发现发热病例就诊率为73.53%,其中10 岁以下儿童就诊率为100%。依据参考文献假定血培养法检测甲型副伤寒的灵敏度为70%,病例网络报告率为90%,经倍数校正后估算红塔区甲型副伤寒年发病数为965 例(95%CI:745~2284),年发病率为220.33/10 万(95%CI:170.1~521.4),其中发病率最高的年龄组为15~44 岁组(318.27/10 万)。结论<\b>玉溪市红塔区甲型副伤寒处于高流行状态,15~44 岁组为高发人群,应采取有针对性的防治措施以减缓甲型副伤寒的高发态势。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the burden of paratyphoid fever A in Hongta district,Yuxi city,Yunnan province from May 1,2008 to April 30,2009 so as to provide information for the development of comprehensive intervention measures.Methods Based on the Fever Syndromic Surveillance System,information as attendance rate of patients with fever, rate of patients being sampled,laboratory testing rate,sensitivity on the detection of blood culture and the rate of case reporting etc. were calculated. According to the pyramid model of food-borne disease on disease burden,the local actual incidence of paratyphoid fever A was estimated and analyzed.Results Under the Fever Syndromic Surveillance System,there were 6642 fever cases being detected,among whom 6570 cases were sampled and undergone testing,with the sampling rate as 98.92% and all the samples received laboratory testing. There were 354 positive cases of paratyphoid fever A reported, all from the Hongta district. Data showed that the attendance rate of the feverish patients was 73.53%, with the highest rate seen in whose under 10 years old(100%). Assumed that the sensitivity of paratyphoid fever blood culture was 70%,and the case reporting rate was 90%,we estimated that the annual incidence of paratyphoid fever A in Hongta was 220.33 (95% CI:170.1-521.4) per 100 thousand,with 965(95%CI:745-2284)as new cases. Among all the age groups,the incidence in the age group from 15 to 44 years old was estimated to be at the highest(318.27 per 100 thousand). Conclusion Hongta seemed to be an endemic region for paratyphoid fever A,with the highest incidence occurred in the age group of between 15 and 44 years old. These findings highlighted the urgent need to carry out further investigation on the risk factors and to implement targeted effective prevention and control measures.
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