文章摘要
苏畅,王惠君,王志宏,张继国,杜文雯,张伋,翟风英,张兵.中国9省区1991-2009年7~17岁儿童青少年膳食脂肪和胆固醇入状况及变化趋势[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(12):1208-1212
中国9省区1991-2009年7~17岁儿童青少年膳食脂肪和胆固醇入状况及变化趋势
Current status and trends of both dietary fat and cholesterol jntake among Chinese children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years old in 9 provinces of China.from 1991 to 2009
收稿日期:2012-06-28  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2012.12.002
中文关键词: 脂肪;胆同醇;脂肪供能比;中同居民膳食营养素参考摄人量;儿童青少年
英文关键词: Fat;Cholesterol;Percentage of energy from fat;Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes;Children and adolescents
基金项目:中同疾病预防控制中心和美国北书罗莱纳大学人121中心合作项目“中国居民健康与营养调查”(R01一HD30880,DK056350,ROI—HD38700};国家自然科学基金(81172666)
作者单位E-mail
苏畅 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050  
王惠君 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050  
王志宏 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050  
张继国 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050  
杜文雯 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050  
张伋 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050  
翟风英 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050  
张兵 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与食品安全所公共营养室通, 北京 100050 uhangb327@yahoo.com.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究1991-2009年中国9省区儿童青少年膳食脂肪和胆固醇摄人状况及变化趋势+为合理膳食指导提供基础性资料。方法以“中国健康与营养调查”(ClaNS)1991—2009年7轮调查数据为基础.选择连续72 h有完整膳食数据的7~17岁的健康儿童青少年作为研究对象。计算该人群13均脂肪和胆周醇摄人量、脂肪供能比及脂肪食物来源,并与中同居民膳食脂肪适宜摄人量进行比较。结果 调查人群的脂肪和胆同醇摄入量增加,脂肪供能比不断提高.至2009午已分别达到65.8 g/d、240.0me/d和32.O%;脂肪供能比超过30%的人群比例显著增加,至2009年已达到57.0%。结论 中国9省7~17岁儿童青少年膳食结构发生显著变化.脂肪供能比已超过中国居民膳食脂肪参考摄入量的要求,应适当控制高脂肪和胆固醇食物的摄人量。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the current status and trends of fat and cholesterol intake among Chinese children and adolescents in 9 provinces from l99l to 2009.so as to provide evidence on dietary guidance.Methods Data was collected in l991,l993,1997,2000,2004,2006 and 2009 from the China Health and Nutrition Survey Sample would include 7一l7 years old healthy children and adolescents with a complete 3-day 24-hour-dietary data.Figures on the intakc of fat,cbolesterol, mean percentage of energy from fat and food SOllrce of fat per capita were calculated and compared with the Chinese Dietary Referencc Intakes(DRIs).Results Data showed that.iII 199l一2009,the dietary fats,mean percentage of energy from total fat and intake of cholesterol had all increasing trend in the population of 9 provinces and wcre 65.8 Vd.240.0 mg/d and 32.0%respectively.in 2009.The percentage of population whose mean energy coming from total fat and reached 57.0%in 2009. Conclusion The dietary structure of children and adolescents in Chinese 9 provinces had changed significantly.57.0%of the studied subjects had more than 30%increase of their fat intake exceeding the Chinese DRIs.It was necessary to provide childrell and adolescent with basic knowledge on nutrition.in order to properly control the intake of food rich in fat and cholesterol.
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