文章摘要
赵鸣,张新卫,宋晓春,鲍平,周鹏,邹芸.浙江省6个地区机动车驾驶员酒后驾驶情况分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(12):1224-1227
浙江省6个地区机动车驾驶员酒后驾驶情况分析
An intercept survey on the status of driving after alcohol drinking among motor vehide drivers in 6 countlcs of Zhejiang.China
收稿日期:2012-06-28  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2012.12.006
中文关键词: 机动车;酒后驾驶;血液酒精浓度;拦截式调查
英文关键词: Motor vehicle;Drinking and driving;Blood alcohol concentration;Intercept survey
基金项目:中国/世界卫生组织2010—2011年卫生技术合作项目(WPCHN1003566)
作者单位E-mail
赵鸣 浙江省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染病预防控制科, 杭州 310051 mzhao@cdc.zj.cn 
张新卫 浙江省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染病预防控制科, 杭州 310051  
宋晓春 浙江省公安厅交通管理局  
鲍平 浙江广播电视集团  
周鹏 浙江省公安厅交通管理局  
邹芸 浙江广播电视集团  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解机动车驾驶员酒后驾驶现状.为开展有针对性的干预提供依据。方法20lO年9一iO月在浙江省6个县(市、区)采用拦截式调查法开展为期1周的机动车驾驶员酒后驾驶调查。结果 共调查16467名机动车驾驶员,酒后驾驶[血液酒精浓度(BAC)>0mg/100m1]、饮酒驾驶(20 mg,/100 ml≤BAC<80mg/100 m1)与醉酒驾驶(BAC≥80 mg/100 ml)的比率分别为1.82%、1.03%和O.27%。城市地区驾驶员酒后、饮酒和醉酒驾驶的比率均高于农村地区,男性驾驶员酒后、饮酒、醉酒驾驶的比率均高于女性驾驶员,差异有统计学意义。60.20%的酒后驾驶的驾驶员为35—49岁年龄段.且随年龄增长,驾驶员酒后、饮酒和醉酒驾驶的比率均呈上升趋势。晚问23时至次日凌晨1时发生酒后、饮酒和醉酒驾驶的比率最高。摩托车驾驶员酒后、饮酒和醉酒驾驶的比率分别为9.27%、5.01%和1.57%,均高于其他汽车驾驶员。结论 浙江省酒后驾驶情况处于相对较低水平,但依然存在.尤其在晚间23时至次日凌晨l时的时段,发生率较高。城市地区驾驶员、男性驾驶员以及摩托车驾驶员是酒后驾驶的高危人群,需在今后的酒后驾驶宣传教育和执法干预活动中加以重点关注。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the status of driving after drinking alcohol among motor vehicle drivers and to provide evidence for the development of specific interventions.Methods A 7-day intercept survey on driving after alcohol drinking,having drinking habit or driving after getting drunk,among motor vehicle drivers,was conduced in 6 counties of Zheiiang province,2010. Results 16467 motor vehicle drivers were included in the survey.Rates of driving after drinking acohol [blood atcoh01 concentration(BAG)>0 ml/100 ml J,haying habit of drinking alcohol (20 mg,/100 ml≤BAC<80 mg/100 m1)and driving aider being drunk(BAC≥80 mg/100ml),were 1.82%,1.03%and 0.27%respectively.Rates of driving after drinking alcohol,having habit of drink alcohol and driving and drunk.driving among the drivers from urban areas were significantly higher than those of drivers from rural areas,and those rates of male drivers were significantlv highter than female drivers as well.60.20%ofdrivers after drinking alcohol.were 35 to 49 year-aids,andthethree above said rates alI inereased along with age.The highest above said three rates were observed at 23:00 PM and 1 r 00 AM.Compared with other motor vehicle drivers.motorcyclists possessed the highest rates of the three iterns.as 9.27%,5.01%and 1.57%respectively.Conclusion Driving after drinking alcoh01 among motor vehicle drivers stilI prevailed in Zhejiang.especially between 23:00 PM and l:00 AM.Drivers from the cities.being male or motorcyclists were among the high—risk populations that called for special attention to be paid in the future,including law enforcement and health promotion to fight against the problem.
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