文章摘要
王瑞平,朱丽萍,吉路,颜玮,刘杰,陈轶英.江西省居民吸烟行为及烟草消费情况分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2012,33(12):1233-1237
江西省居民吸烟行为及烟草消费情况分析
Tobacco consumption and behavior of the smokers in Jiangxi province
收稿日期:2012-06-29  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2012.12.008
中文关键词: 吸烟率;烟草价格;吸烟行为
英文关键词: moking rate;Tobacco price;Smoking behavior
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王瑞平 中国疾病预防控制中心中国现场流行病学培训项目,北京 100050
上海市松江区疾病预防控制中心 
 
朱丽萍 江西省疾病预防控制中心 w19830901@126.com 
吉路 江西省疾病预防控制中心  
颜玮 江西省疾病预防控制中心  
刘杰 江西省疾病预防控制中心  
陈轶英 江西省疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解江西省居民吸烟行为,分析烟草消费隋况及烟草价格上涨对吸烟行为潜在影响。方法 采用三阶段随机整群抽样方法,在江西省11个设区市中选择上饶市和宜春市作为调查现场,利用KISH码在32个街道/镇820户家庭中选择15岁及以上居民进行问卷调查。结果最终人组的805名居民中,现在吸烟者218人,吸烟率为27.08%(男性吸烟率为46.62%,女性吸烟率为3.05%)。218名吸烟居民中,烟龄最短1年,最长50年,烟龄中位数为20年。96.33%的吸烟居民通过“自己购买”获得卷烟,54.59%吸烟居民吸5~9元一包的卷烟,20.64%吸l~4元一包的卷烟,18.8l%吸10~15元一包的卷烟,仅13名吸烟居民平常吸15~30元一包的卷烟。吸烟居民平均每月最少花费20元,最多花费800元,平均花费192元,占个人月收入的13%。根据218名吸烟居民关于卷烟价格上涨对其吸烟行为影响的回答绘制曲线图,可了解卷烟价格上涨对吸烟者吸烟行为的潜在影响情况。结论 江西省吸烟居民的烟草经济负担较重,烟草价格上涨将促使吸烟者改变吸烟行为。应考虑中国烟草价格低、价格跨度大等现实问题,合理提高烟草销售价格,改变吸烟人群的吸烟行为,进而逐渐降低人群吸烟率。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the behaviors of smokers as well as the tobacco consumption in Jiangxi province.Impact regarding the increases of tobacco retail price on the smoking behaviors among cigarette consumers was also studied.Data was provided for further development on measurements including legislation.taxing and increasing the retail price on tobacco.Methods 805 residents above 1 5 year-olds were chosen through random clustered sampling。and face to face interviewed.in Shangrao and Yichun of Jiangxi province.A chart was drawn to show the relationship between the change of smoking behavior and the increase of sales price of tobacco.Results The average rate of smoking was 27.08%(46.62%for males and 3.05%for females).16.06%(35/218)of the smokers had ever tried to quit smoking but failed.The years of smoking ranged from l year to 50 years.with 96.33%of the smokers purchased cigarettes on their own.Price of the cigarette ranged from 1 5 to 30 RMB per package.and smokers usually spent on average l 92 RMB which accounted 1 3%of their monthly income.per month.According to the chart,if the cigarette price had a 50% increase.it would 1cad to 45%of the smokers reduce the number of cigarette consumption with another 5%of the smokers attempt to quit smoking.If cigarette price had an increase by 2 times.50% of the smokers would attempt to quit smoking.So the chart could be used to estimate the percentage of smokers’behavior change according to the increase of tobacco’S sales price.Conclusion The economy burden of tobacco consumption among cigarette smokers was huge,suggesting that the Chinese smokers did need to change their smoking behavior.Chinese government should develop tobacco.related legislations and laws and set proper cigarette tax.hopefully this could reduce the number of smokers in a long lun.
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