文章摘要
刘如如,党少农,王维华,范小静,颜虹,赵亚玲.陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量及其影响因素研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(3):225-230
陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量及其影响因素研究
Study on the diet quality and its relative effect factors among rural residents,using the ChineseDiet Balalice Index(CDBI)in Hanzhong,Shaanxi province
收稿日期:2012-09-04  出版日期:2014-09-26
DOI:
中文关键词: 膳食质量;膳食平衡指数;影响因素;农村地区
英文关键词: Diet quality;Diet balance index;Influencing factors;Rural residents
基金项目:美国中华医学基金会(cMB)(08—925)
作者单位E-mail
刘如如 710061 西安交通大学医学院公共卫生系流行病与卫生统计教研室  
党少农 710061 西安交通大学医学院公共卫生系流行病与卫生统计教研室 tjdshn@mail.xjtu.edu.cn 
王维华 710061 西安交通大学医学院公共卫生系流行病与卫生统计教研室  
范小静 710061 西安交通大学医学院公共卫生系流行病与卫生统计教研室  
颜虹 710061 西安交通大学医学院公共卫生系流行病与卫生统计教研室  
赵亚玲 710061 西安交通大学医学院公共卫生系流行病与卫生统计教研室  
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中文摘要:
      目的 采用中国膳食平衡指数(DBI)评价陕西省汉中地区农村居民膳食质量状况及其影响因素.方法 2010年对汉中地区18 ~ 80岁农村居民膳食采用半定量食物频率问卷进行横断面调查,采用DBI相关指标评价其膳食质量,应用多因素线性回归方法分析影响摄入不足和摄入过量可能的影响因素.结果 调查的2748人中谷薯类、豆类、腌菜、植物油和食盐每标准人日平均摄人量均高于全国农村居民平均水平(P<0.01),其中80%以上村民的谷薯类、食用油和盐摄入量平均水平超过推荐量;动物性食物、蛋奶类和蔬菜水果则低于全国平均水平(P<0.01),存在明显摄入不足.人群平均负端分(DBI LBS)和正端分(DBI HBS)分别为22.8和9.8,中度摄入不足(20<DBI LBS≤40)和摄入过量(10<DBI HBS≤20)的比例分别为62.6%和48.0%.影响摄入不足的主要因素有文化程度、财富指数、高血压史、体育锻炼和看电视时间;影响摄入过量的主要因素有性别、年龄、家庭人口数、劳动强度、睡眠时间、吸烟和饮酒情况.结论 汉中地区农村居民膳食结构不均衡,并以摄入不足为主,同时存在部分食物摄入过量;有必要在不同人群中开展有针对性的干预措施,改善当地居民营养状况.
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption and related influencing factors among urban junior students in Hangzhou.Methods In a cross-sectional study,a self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the frequency and amount of FV consumption as well as related socio-demographic characteristics.Logistic regression method was applied to study other factors related to the amount of vegetables consumption ≥ 21 servings and fruit comsumption ≥14 servings per week.Results Among 3724 junior students included in this study,54.7% of them consumed FV daily,23.6% consumed vegetables ≥21 servings and fruit ≥14 servings per week (equaled to vegetables ≥3 servings and fruit ≥2 servings every day).The level of FV intake was high in girls,mother with higher education,and higher family socioeconomic status (SES).After controlling 5 socio-demographic factors,data on the consumption of daily vegetables ≥21 servings and fruit ≥ 14 servings weekly,were positively associated with daily physical activity (PA) ≥60 min (OR=1.667,95%CI:1.216-2.203),encouragement on FV intake daily by family (OR=1.881,95% CI:1.498-2.363),positive familial attitude on the daily intake of FV (OR=1.275,95% CI:1.025-1.586),preparation FV 3-6 days per week (OR=1.691,95%CI:1.310-2.183) or daily (OR=2.944,95% CI:2.348-3.690),family consumption of FV with children/3-6 days per week (OR=1.392,95% CI:1.056-1.835) or on the daily base (OR=2.817,95% CI:2.217-3.580),breakfast usually made at home (OR=1.364,95% CI:1.158-1.607),offering FV course atschool last year (OR=1.238,95%CI:1.035-1.480) and awareness on the benefit of FV (OR =3.150,95% CI:1.121-8.856) etc.respectively.Conclusion Socio-demographic characteristics,daily PA,dietary pattern at home,education and awareness on the benefits of FV on health etc.were all related to the FV intake among junior students in Hangzhou.
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