文章摘要
屈鹏飞,曾令霞,周小彦,赵亚玲,王全丽,党少农,颜虹.中国西部地区农村3岁以下婴幼儿营养状况民族差异的调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(4):346-350
中国西部地区农村3岁以下婴幼儿营养状况民族差异的调查
Ethnic differences on nutritional status of children under 3 years old in poor counties of the western China
收稿日期:2012-10-22  出版日期:2014-09-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 营养不良;婴幼儿;民族差异;西部农村
英文关键词: Malnutrition;Children under the age of three years;Ethnic difference;Rural counties of western China
基金项目:中国卫生部与联合国儿童基金会资助项目(YH001)
作者单位E-mail
屈鹏飞   
曾令霞   
周小彦   
赵亚玲   
王全丽   
党少农   
颜虹  yanhonge@mail.xjtu.edu.ca 
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中文摘要:
      目的 <\b>比较中国西部农村不同民族<3岁婴幼儿的营养状况,探讨其差异的原因.方法 <\b>采用人口比例抽样法,调查西部10省区45个县14 072户有<3岁婴幼儿的家庭,以身长和体重作为衡量婴幼儿营养状况的指标.结果 <\b>汉族、维吾尔(维)族、藏族、壮族婴幼儿的身长和体重均低于2006年WHO标准,4个民族间婴幼儿身长和体重及营养不良状况的差异有统计学意义,婴幼儿生长迟缓率分别为14.7%、20.3%、26.9%、26.5%,低体重率分别为6.1%、10.7%、6.8%、15.5%,消瘦率分另为4.2%、5.3%、2.9%、8.9%,营养不良率分别为19.2%、25.5%、30.3%、36.5%.logistic回归分析中调整了家庭人口数、父母教育年限、家庭育儿数、儿童性别、月龄、母亲身高、母亲体重、喂养合理与否和家庭经济收入来源,维、藏、壮和其他少数民族婴幼儿仍然比汉族婴幼儿易患营养不良.结论 <\b>中国西部农村地区婴幼儿营养状况存在民族差异,在相同的生活条件下汉族婴幼儿营养状况好于少数民族.
英文摘要:
      Objective <\b>To explore the ethnic differences on nutritional status of children under three years old,in the western areas of China and to indentify the affecting factors.Methods <\b>14 072children under the age of three years and their mothers were recruited,using the proportion population sampling method in 45 counties in the western areas of China.Height and weight were used as the measurement on nutrition of children.Results <\b>Height and weight of children with Han,Uyghur,Tibetan and Zhuang ethnicities were all lower than the WHO standards and with differences on height and weight among them.There were also ethnic differences on the status of malnutrition.Prevalence rates of stunting were 14.7%,20.3%,26.9% and 26.5% for Han,Uyghur,Tibetan and Zhuang ethnicities,respectively.Prevalence rates of underweight were 6.1%,10.7%,6.8% and 15.5% among the Han,Uyghur,Tibetan and Zhuang ethnicities,respectively.The prevalence rates of wasting were 4.2%,5.3%,2.9%,8.9%,and of under nutrition were 19.2%,25.5%,30.3% and 36.5% for the Han,the Uyghur,the Tibetan and the Zhuang ethnicities,respectively.When factors as family size,years of schooling of parents,family numbers,sex,age (months),mother' s height and weight,ways of feeding and sources of family income etc.were adjusted,children with Uyghur,Tibetan,Zhuang and other ethnicities were still presented more malnutrition than the children with Han ethnicity.Conclusion <\b>There were differences on malnutrition status of children under the age of three years among the studies on different ethnicities.Undemutrition was less than nutritional status,seen in children of the Han nationality than other minority ethnicites.Ethnicity seemed to be related to differences in the nutritional status of children in western China while children of the Han nationality would be better than other minorities on nutritional status if they were in same living conditionals.
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