文章摘要
何平平,刘庆敏,任艳军,高放,吕筠,李立明.2010年《杭州市公共场所控制吸烟条例》施行前后城区居民烟草相关知识和行为变化情况[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(4):351-355
2010年《杭州市公共场所控制吸烟条例》施行前后城区居民烟草相关知识和行为变化情况
Changes in knowledge and behavior related to tobacco consumption among urban population before and after the enforcement of the Smoke Control Ordinance in Public Places of Hangzhou in 2010
收稿日期:2012-09-28  出版日期:2014-09-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 吸烟;被动吸烟;法律;社区人群;前后比较设计
英文关键词: Smoking;Environmental tobacco smoke;Law;Community population;Before-after design
基金项目:社区健康干预(CIH)项目(牛津健康联盟·中国·杭州)
作者单位E-mail
何平平   
刘庆敏   
任艳军   
高放   
吕筠  lvjun@bjmu.edu.cn 
李立明  lmlee@vip.163.tom 
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中文摘要:
      目的 <\b>评价2010年3月《杭州市公共场所控制吸烟条例》施行前后城区居民烟草致病知识、吸烟和二手烟暴露的变化情况.方法 <\b>2008年10月至2009年8月及2011年6月至2012年2月,先后在杭州市3个城区开展两次独立的社区居民烟草相关知识和行为调查.结果 <\b>基线和随访各调查2016名18~ 64岁成人.10个烟草致病知识点中有9个的知晓率有不同程度提高.所有调查对象和男性的当前吸烟率降低(22.4%vs.17.7%;44.2%vs.37.3%),女性差异无统计学意义(1.7%vs.1.2%).调查前1个月和随访相比,发现有人吸烟的比例在9类场所中差异均有统计学意义:学校(5.6%vs.2.7%),医疗机构(11.4%vs.3.7%),公共交通(19.2%vs.12.2%),政府办公楼(11.3%vs.5.6%),餐馆(67.0%vs.61.3%),工作场所(49.7%vs.38.3%),商业写字楼(23.6%vs.19.9%),自己家里(41.0%vs.35.5%),朋友的家里(33.9%vs.29.5%).结论 <\b>杭州市城区居民的烟草致病知识知晓率、吸烟和二手烟暴露情况均有不同程度的改善.
英文摘要:
      Objective <\b>To examine the changes in tobacco related knowledge,smoking habit and the amount if environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) among urban population before and after the enforcement of the Smoke Control Ordinance in Public Places of Hangzhou in March 2010.Methods <\b>Two independent cross-sectional surveys were conducted on random samples from adults aged 18-64 years in three districts of Hangzhou city between two petiods:October 2008 to August 2009 and June 2011 to February 2012.Results <\b>A total of 2016 adults at the initial stage and 2016adults during the follow-up program completed the survey.Nine out of the ten indices related to the knowledge on tobacco presented an improvement during the follow-up process.All the participants (22.4% vs.17.7%,P<0.001) and men (44.2% vs.37.3%,P=0.004) showed statistically significant declines in the prevalence of smoking,when compared with women (1.7% vs.1.2%,P=0.379).The proportions of individuals who had noticed anyone smoking in the previous 30 days demonstrated statistically significant declines in nine types of places:school (5.6% vs.2.7%,P<0.001),health centre (11.4% vs.3.7%, P<0.001),public transportation (19.2% vs.12.2%,P<0.001),government building (11.3% vs.5.6%,P< 0.001),restaurant (67.0% vs.61.3%,P=0.002),workplace (49.7% vs.38.3%,P<0.001),private office building (23.6% vs.19.9%,P=0.023),home (41.0% vs.35.5%,P=0.003),friend's home (33.9% vs.29.5%,P=0.017).Conclusion <\b>Positive changes were noticed among urban population with respect to tobacco related knowledge,prevalence of smoking,and the environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) after the enforcement of the Smoke Control Ordinance in Public Places of Hangzhou.
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