文章摘要
张杰,许亮文,陈钊娇,黄仙红,马海燕,刘婷婕,余红剑,顾昉.青少年体育锻炼行为-心理测定量表中文版及其信度效度研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(4):356-360
青少年体育锻炼行为-心理测定量表中文版及其信度效度研究
The adolescent physical exercise behavior-psychological measurement scale on the Chinese version and its reliability and validity study
收稿日期:2012-10-08  出版日期:2014-09-03
DOI:
中文关键词: 青少年;体育锻炼行为一心理;测定量表
英文关键词: Adolescent;Physical exercise behavior-psychological;Measurement scale
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(71273079);教育部人文社会科学研究规划(11YJA880128)
作者单位E-mail
张杰   
许亮文  Lwxu2006@163.tom 
陈钊娇   
黄仙红   
马海燕   
刘婷婕   
余红剑   
顾昉   
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中文摘要:
      目的 <\b>编制适合中国青少年体育锻炼行为-心理特点的中文版测定量表,并评价其信度和效度.方法 <\b>采用多阶段抽样方法对杭州、武汉、西安3个城市3600名中学生进行问卷调查.用Cronbach's α系数和分半信度检验其信度;用探索性因子分析和验证性因子分析检验其结构效度,用条目-维度相关系数(IIC)、维度间相关系数、总分与维度间的相关系数检验内容效度.结果 <\b>中文版青少年体育锻炼行为-心理测定量表的Cronbach' sα系数为0.888,改变策略、决策平衡正向效应、决策平衡负向效应、自我效能4个维度的Cronbach's α系数分别为0.880、0.706、0.552和0.839;总量表的分半信度为0.851,各分半信度在0.559 ~ 0.876之间;探索性因子分析结果 <\b>显示:3个维度的条目全部被纳入,且累计贡献率均大于40%;结构方程模型分析显示:绝对拟合优度指标GFI=0.972、AGFI=0.958、RMSEA=0.032 (90% CI:0.030 ~ 0.034)均满足条件,且模型拟合较好;IIC结果显示,4个维度与所含条目之间的Spearman相关系数的范围分别为0.396~0.700、0.470~0.709、0.696~ 0.771和0.665~ 0.813,各维度之间有较弱到中度的相关关系,r值范围为0.386 ~ 0.935;不同变化阶段的改变策略、决策平衡、自我效能得分不同提示健康干预要有阶段性、针对性.结论 <\b>中文版青少年体育锻炼行为-心理测定量表在中学生中具有较好的信度和效度,在整体上适用于国内青少年体育锻炼行为-心理的测量.
英文摘要:
      Objective <\b>To develop a suitable physical exercise behavior-psychological scale for the Chinese adolescents and to evaluate its validity and reliability.Methods <\b>A total of 3600junior students were recruited and tested through multistage sampling method.Reliability was assessed,using Cronbach's a and split-half reliability; while exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used to test its validity,with entries-dimension correlation coefficient (IIC),correlation coefficient between the scores and the dimension,the dimension of correlation coefficient test content validity.Results <\b>The internal consistency reliabilities for total scale score (Cronbach's α=0.888),Cronbach' s α of four domains were 0.880,0.706,0.552 and 0.839,respectively.The four-domain split-efficacy reliabilities were ranged between 0.559 and 0.876.Data from the exploratory factor analysis revealed the following dimensions:the entries were all inclusive; the cumulative contribution rate was more than 40%.Results <\b>from the confirmatory factor analysis showed that the absolute fit measures of GFI=0.972,AGFI=0.958,RMSEA=0.032(90%CI:0.030-0.034) could satisfy the condition while the model fit was better.The results of IIC showed:in the four dimensions,and the contained entries between Spearman correlation coefficient range were 0.396-0.700,0.470-0.709,0.696-0.771 and 0.665-0.813,while other dimensions from weak to moderate relationships,the r value range was from 0.386 to 0.935.With the change of the phase changing process,decision balance,self-efficacy scores were differently prompting the health-related intervention periodically and pertinently.Conclusion <\b>The reliability and validity of the‘Adolescent physical exercise behavior-psychological scales(Chinese version)’ were good,and could be used to measure the adolescent' s physical training behavior-psychological conditions.
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