文章摘要
莫哲,楼晓明,朱文明,王晓峰,毛光明,周金水,丁钢强.浙江省人群碘营养水平现况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(5):464-470
浙江省人群碘营养水平现况调查
A cross-sectional study on iodine nutrition in general population from Zhejiang province,China
收稿日期:2012-11-02  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.02.012
中文关键词: 碘;营养;现况调查
英文关键词: ine;Nutrition;Cross.sectional study
基金项目:浙江省科技厅重大专项(2009C03010—1)
作者单位E-mail
莫哲 浙江省疾病预防控制中心环境与职业卫生所, 杭州 310051  
楼晓明 浙江省疾病预防控制中心环境与职业卫生所, 杭州 310051  
朱文明 浙江省疾病预防控制中心环境与职业卫生所, 杭州 310051  
王晓峰 浙江省疾病预防控制中心环境与职业卫生所, 杭州 310051  
毛光明 浙江省疾病预防控制中心环境与职业卫生所, 杭州 310051  
周金水 浙江省疾病预防控制中心环境与职业卫生所, 杭州 310051  
丁钢强 浙江省疾病预防控制中心环境与职业卫生所, 杭州 310051 gqding@cdc.zj.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解浙江省居民的碘营养状况,评估浙江省不同地区不同人群碘营养水平。方法采用分层整群抽样方法,抽取浙江省22个县区的居民作为研究对象进行问卷调查,同时检测饮用水水碘浓度、食用盐盐碘浓度以及尿碘浓度等,计算浙江省不同地区不同人群碘营养水平。结果浙江省居民饮用水水碘中位数为2.42μg/L;居民家庭食用盐盐碘中位数为28.8 mg/kg,全省碘盐覆盖率为79.54%,合格碘盐食用率为76.65%;居民尿碘中位数为161μg/L,<100 μg/L者占25.92%,>/300μg/L者占15.30%,其中妊娠期妇女尿碘中位数为138μg/L;浙江省居民碘摄入来源中水、盐、其他食物的构成比分别为1.70%、76.41%和21.89%。结论浙江省居民碘营养水平总体上适宜,但妊娠期妇女碘营养水平处于不足状态。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the current status of iodine nutrition among the community residents to compare the level of iodine nutrition in different areas and groups of populations in Zhejiang province.Methods Stratified cluster sampling method was adopted and residents from twenty-two communities in Zhejiang province were selected.A cross-sectional survey was conducted,using questionnaires,laboratory tests,on urinary iodine,water iodine and the concentration of the iodine in salt,which had played positive roles in the calculation of the level of iodine nutrition.Results Results of the iodine nutrition in this cross-sectional survey were as follows: the median water iodine and salt iodine of Zhejiang were 2.42μg/L and 28.8 mg/kg,respectively.The coverage of iodized salts was 79.54%,with the ingesting rate of qualified iodized-salt as 76.65%and the median content of urinary iodine in the population of Zhejiang was 161 μg/L.The average iodine content among pregnant women was 138μg/L,with the percentage of samples less than 100 μg/L as 25.92%,more than 300μg/L as 15.30%.The proportions ofiodine intake through water,salt and other foods were 1.70%,76.4 1%and 2 1.89%,respectively.ConclusionThe status of iodine nutrition in Zhejiang province in general seemed to be appropriate,but the level of iodine nutrition in pregnant women Was less than the requirement,which should call for attention.
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