文章摘要
诸亚萍,陈梅芳,申变红.浙江省老年轻度认知功能障碍患病情况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(5):475-477
浙江省老年轻度认知功能障碍患病情况调查
A prevalence study on mild cognitive impairment among elderly populations in Zhejiang province
收稿日期:2013-01-16  出版日期:2014-09-17
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.02.014
中文关键词: 轻度认知功能障碍;老年人;患病率
英文关键词: Mild cognitive impairment;Elderly populations;Prevalence
基金项目:广东省卫生厅医学科研指令性课题(C2012017)
作者单位E-mail
诸亚萍 杭州市第七人民医院精神病科, 310013 zypin91979@163.Com 
陈梅芳 杭州市第七人民医院精神病科, 310013  
申变红 杭州市第七人民医院精神病科, 310013  
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中文摘要:
      目的了解浙江省老年人轻度认知功能障碍(McI)的患病率,为老年阿尔兹海默病(AD)早期发现和诊断提供依据。方法采用整群随机抽样方法,使用一般资料、蒙特利尔认知评估和简易精神状态检查量表对浙江省抽取的1211名≥60岁老年人进行筛查和问卷调查。结果浙江省老年人MCI患病率为20.7%,老年AD的患病率为4.5%。患者的性别、年龄、文化程度、工作性质、睡眠状况、婚姻状况、是否参加体育锻炼、是否吸烟饮酒、是否合并高血压和糖尿病等对老年人MCI患病率的影响有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论对于浙江省老年人,尤其是女性、高龄、无配偶、从事体力劳动、文化程度较低、睡眠质量差、平时无体育锻炼、有吸烟饮酒不良习惯、合并高血压和糖尿病者,应采取适当措施预防其认知功能衰退。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the prevalence of older people with mild cognitive impairment(MCI)in Zhejiang province and to provide the basis for elderly early detection and diagnosis ofAlzheimer’S disease(AD).Methods 1211 more than 60一year-old elderly populations were selected in Zhejiang province,and were given screening questionnaire by general information, the montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA)and mini-mental state examination(MMSE).Results MCI prevalence of elderly populations in Zhejiang was 20.7%and the AD prevalence was 4.5%.The patient’S gender,age,education level,nature of work,sleep status,marital status,whether or not participating in physical exercise,having smoking and drinking habits,whether combined with hypertension and diabetes for MCI prevalence of the elderly were statistically significant(PConclusion We should pay attention to take appropriate measures in preventing the cognitive declinefor populationsas elderly,especiallyforwomen,senior,no spouse,engagedinmanuallabor, low education level,poor quality of sleep and no physical exercise,with smoking and drinking,combined with hypertension and diabetes.
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