文章摘要
黄峥,许浩,郭家胤,黄晓兰,李颖,侯琪,王爱敏,王传清,金汇明,许学斌,胡家瑜,史贤明,冉陆,阚飚.4种致泻性大肠埃希菌分子诊断方法的评估及其在监测中的应用[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(6):614-617
4种致泻性大肠埃希菌分子诊断方法的评估及其在监测中的应用
Assessment and application of a molecular diagnostic method on the detection of four types of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli
收稿日期:2013-01-14  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 致泻性大肠埃希菌;分子诊断;评估;监测
英文关键词: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli;Molecular diagnostics;Assessment;Monitor
基金项目:国家重大科技专项;中美新发再发传染病合作项目;国家高技术研究发展计划("863"计划)
作者单位E-mail
黄峥 Center of Hygiene Inspection of Changning District , Shanghai 200051,China
 
xbxu@scdc.sh.cn;chuangqing12@yahoo.com.cn 
许浩 Center of Hygiene Inspection of Changning District , Shanghai 200051,China
 
 
郭家胤 Center of Hygiene Inspection of Changning District , Shanghai 200051,China
 
 
黄晓兰 Changning District Center of Disease Control and Prevention
 
 
李颖 Changning District Center of Disease Control and Prevention
 
 
侯琪 Shanghai United Family Hospital
 
 
王爱敏 Fu-Dan University Subsidiary Children Hospital
 
 
王传清 Fu-Dan University Subsidiary Children Hospital
 
 
金汇明 Shanghai Municipal Center of Disease Control and Prevention
 
 
许学斌 Shanghai Municipal Center of Disease Control and Prevention
 
 
胡家瑜 Shanghai Municipal Center of Disease Control and Prevention
 
 
史贤明 School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiaotong University
 
 
冉陆 National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention  
阚飚 National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention  
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中文摘要:
      目的评估和建立用于常规监测4种致泻性大肠埃希菌(DEC)的分子诊断方法,并应用于上海市腹泻人群DEC的监测.方法使用丹麦SSI分子诊断试剂盒对DEC参考菌株进行验证试验及制定DEC-PCR诊断、分离的操作规程(DEC-PCR-SOP),并检测2012年6-9月上海市3家临床医院腹泻病例粪便标本.结果经26株DEC参比菌株验证,SSI分子诊断试剂盒的特异性为100%; 1887份腹泻病例标本共分离得到218株DEC(乳糖阳性181株,乳糖阴性37株),其中致病性大肠埃希菌(EPEC) 118株、产毒性大肠埃希菌(ETEC)90株、侵袭性大肠埃希菌(EIEC)9株、产志贺毒素大肠埃希菌(STEC)1株、志贺菌18株,总阳性率为l1.6%;监测地区DEC腹泻病例中以EPEC占优势,而EPEC腹泻病例中又以2岁以下婴幼儿为主;外籍DEC病例以ETEC占优势,新生儿ETEC病例占5岁以下低年龄组腹泻病例的1/3.结论经评估DEC-PCR-SOP用于4种DEC常规监测的数据结果可信.国内食源性监测网络实验室应不断完善4种DEC诊断和参比能力.
英文摘要:
      Objective To establish and evaluate a molecular diagnostic method for routine monitoring of four types of diarrheagenic Escherichia (E.) coli (DEC) and to study the distribution of four types of DEC isolated from diarrheal patients in Shanghai.Methods DEC-PCR standard operation procedure (SOP) had been developed for DEC detection and isolation,using the Statens Serum Institute (SSI) DEC PCR kits with multiplex PCR technique after verification tests on reference strains.Diarrhea specimens from 3 clinical hospitals in Shanghai were tested from June to September,2012.Results Specificity of the PCR kit was 100% by verification on the 26 DEC reference strains.A total number of 218 DEC isolates,including 181 fermented lactose and 37 unfermented lactose were identified from the 1887 stool specimens of diarrhea patients,with positive rate as 11.6%.The most common pathogen (54.1%,118/218) was enteropathogenic E.coli (EPEC),followed by enterotoxigenic E.coli (ETEC,41.3%,90/218),enteroinvasive E.coli (EIEC,4.1%,9/218) and Shigatoxin-producing E.coli (STEC,0.5%,1/218) in addition to 18 Shigella isolates.ETEC dominated in diarrhea patients with foreign residency,as well as 1/3 were perinatal stage of neonatal ETEC of all diarrhea cases under the age of 5,while EPEC dominated in the Chinese diarrhea patients especially among young kids under the age of 2.Conclusion Data was reliable after assessment on this molecular diagnostics and seperation procedures used for the routine monitoring on four types of DEC,while the diagnosis and reference ability of DEC regarding the laboratories net-working on food-borne pathogens need to be built up and improved.
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