文章摘要
陶然,苏健,周金意,杨婕,武鸣,胡一河,周仁仙,杨玲,杜怀东,陈铮鸣,李立明,郭彧.苏州市成年人饮酒行为与高血压患病关系的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(8):764-769
苏州市成年人饮酒行为与高血压患病关系的研究
Relationship between behavior of weekly alcohol drinking and the prevalence of hypertension in adults of Suzhou city
投稿时间:2013-03-04  
DOI:
中文关键词: 饮酒|高血压|Logistic回归
英文关键词: Drinking|Hypertension|Logistic regression
基金项目:香港Kadoorie Charitable Foundation;英国Wellcomel Trust(088158/Z/09/Z);国家科技支撑项目(2011BAI09B01);江苏省卫生厅“科教兴卫”工程医学重点人才项目(RC2011192)
作者单位E-mail
陶然 210009南京,江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
苏健 210009南京,江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
周金意 210009南京,江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
杨婕 210009南京,江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
武鸣 210009南京,江苏省疾病预防控制中心 jswuming@vip.sina.com 
胡一河 苏州市疾病预防控制中心  
周仁仙 苏州市吴中区疾病预防控制中心  
杨玲 牛津大学Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit  
杜怀东 牛津大学Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit  
陈铮鸣 牛津大学Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit  
李立明 北京大学公共卫生学院;中国医学科学院  
郭彧 中国医学科学院 guoyu@kscdc.net 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨每周饮酒行为状况与高血压患病关系.方法 利用“中国慢性病前瞻性项目”苏州市吴中区基线调查数据,描述当地居民饮酒情况和高血压情况,通过logistic回归分析研究每周饮酒频率、饮酒量、开始饮酒年龄和饮酒相关不良状况与高血压患病的关系.结果 男、女性每周饮酒率分别为40.7%和0.6%,男、女性每周酒精平均摄入量中位数分别为250.8 g和47.2 g,每周饮酒率和饮酒量性别间的差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).男、女性高血压患病率分别为39.7%和36.1%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).多元logistic回归调整后显示,男性每周饮酒频率≥3d,每周酒精摄入量≥100 g者患高血压风险较不饮酒者显著增加(P<0.01),开始每周饮酒年龄<20岁和饮酒相关不良状况出现2种及以上者患高血压风险分别是不饮酒者的1.50倍和3.27倍,但在女性中未发现此现象.结论 男、女性每周饮酒率、饮酒量不同,男性随每周饮酒频率增高,饮酒量增多,开始每周饮酒年龄提前以及饮酒相关不良状况出现种类增多,其高血压患病率呈上升趋势,而女性饮酒与高血压患病关系则未发现有统计学意义.
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the relationship between weekly alcohol drinking behavior and the prevalence of hypertension.Methods Data was collected in a Kadoorie study of chronic disease in Wuzhong district,Suzhou city of Jiangsu province,China.Data from the baseline survey was used to describe the status of alcohol drinking and the prevalence of hypertension among local residents.Relationships between the frequency of alcohol drinking,consumption of alcohol,age when initiating weekly drinking behavior,drinking-related adverse conditions and the prevalence of hypertension,were studied by logistic regression.Results The rates on weekly alcohol drinking in the studied population were 40.7% in men and 0.6% in women.The amount of weekly average alcohol intake showed as 250.8 g in males and 47.2 g in females,with statistical significance seen between genders (P<0.01).The prevalence rates of hypertension among male and female were 39.7% and 36.1% respectively,with significant difference (P<0.01).Data from Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that when the frequency of alcohol drinking ≥ 3 days per week or the weekly average alcohol intake ≥100 grams,the risk would be higher to develop hypertension than in those non-drinkers (P<0.01).The age of initiating behavior as weekly alcohol drinking younger than 20 years old or the dinking-related adverse condition appeared to be more than two kinds.The risks of developing hypertension were 1.50 times and 3.27 times than those non-drinkers in men but not in women.Conclusion The frequency of drinking alcohol and the amount of alcohol intake per week was different between males and females.Along with the following factors as:increase of frequency on alcohol drinking per week,the amount of alcohol intake also increased.The advance of age related to the initiation of weekly drinking and the increase of alcohol-related adverse condition was also seen,the risk of hypertension showed an upward trend in males but not in females.
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