文章摘要
何佳,郭恒,丁玉松,刘佳铭,张眉,马儒林,张景玉,李述刚,孙凤,徐上知,郭淑霞.新疆哈萨克族、维吾尔族和汉族农村居民超重、肥胖流行病学调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2013,34(12):1164-1168
新疆哈萨克族、维吾尔族和汉族农村居民超重、肥胖流行病学调查
Epidemiological study on overweight and obesity among rural adult residents in Hazakh,Uygurand Han populations in Xinjiang
收稿日期:2013-07-05  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:10.3760/cmaj.issn.0254-6450.2013.012.002
中文关键词: 肥胖  农村居民  哈萨克族  维吾尔族  汉族
英文关键词: Obesity  Rural residents  Kazakh  Uighur  Hart
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划 (2009BAl82804);新疆生产建设兵团国际科技合作项目 (2009YD33)
作者单位E-mail
何佳 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
郭恒 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
丁玉松 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
刘佳铭 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
张眉 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
马儒林 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
张景玉 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
李述刚 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
孙凤 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
徐上知 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系  
郭淑霞 832002 新疆石河子大学医学院预防医学系 pge888@sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析新疆哈萨克(哈)族、维吾尔(维)族和汉族农村居民超重、肥胖及腹型肥胖流行现状和分布特点,为该地区不同民族肥胖的防治提供理论依据。方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取调查现场年龄≥1 8岁哈族、维族及汉族常住居民1l 377人进行问卷调查和体格检查,分析并比较3个民族人群超重、肥胖及腹型肥胖患病率。结果哈族、维族和汉族人群超重率分别为27.8%、24.5%和40.3%,肥胖率分别为17.9%、11.5%和13.7%,腹型肥胖患病率分别为58.0%、53.9%和59.9%,汉族人群超重和腹型肥胖患病率最高,哈族肥胖率最高(P值均P值均<0.05),3个民族人群肥胖和维族腹型肥胖患病率均为女性高于男性(P值均<0.01);3个民族超重、肥胖和腹型肥胖患病率均随年龄增加呈现递增趋势,且男女性各年龄段人群腹型肥胖患病率均高于同年龄段超重及肥胖患病率。结论新疆农村地区哈族和维族是肥胖和腹型肥胖高发人群,汉族是超重高发人群,且3种患病率存在民族、年龄及性别差异,腹型肥胖患病率均高于全国水平。
英文摘要:
      0bjective To investigate the prevalence and distribution of overweight,obesityand abdominal obesity among rural adult residents in Kazakh,Uygur and Han populations fromXinjiang and to provide the theory gist for prevention and cure on obesity in different ethnic groups.Methods Questionnaire—based survey and physical examination on 11 377 samples were conductedaccording to stratified cluster random samplings in Kazakh,Uygur and Han residents aged 1 8 years inXinjiang.Prevalence rates on overweight.obesity and abdominal obesity between the three ethnicpopulations were analyzed and compared.Results The rates of overweight were 27.8%.24.5%and40.3%in kazakh.Uygur and Han populations,with the prevalence rates of obesity as 1 7.9%,11.5%and 13.7%.However,the rates ofabdominal obesity were 58.0%,53.9%and 59.9%,respectively.Therates of overweight and abdominal obesity were the highest in Han population but the prevalence ofobesity was the highest in Kazakh(PP<0.05)while the prevalence of obesity in the three ethnic populations and the rate of abdominal obesity inUygur were diametrically opposite(PConclusion The prevalence rates of obesity and abdominal obesity in Kazakh and Uygurpopulations among rural adult residentswere much higher in Xinjiang,SO as the rate of overweight inthe Halls.All the prevalence rates were different in ethnicities,age groups and sex.The prevalence rateofabdominal obesity was higher than the average data gathered from the nation.
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