文章摘要
张梅,陈晓荣,王志会,王丽敏,姜勇.2010年中国老年人业余锻炼及静态行为调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(3):242-245
2010年中国老年人业余锻炼及静态行为调查
Leisure-time physical exercise and sedentary behavior among Chinese elderly in 2010
收稿日期:2013-10-09  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 身体活动;锻炼;老年人
英文关键词: Physical exercise;Physical activity;Elderly
基金项目:中央财政转移支付地方项目
作者单位E-mail
张梅  jerryjiang@263.Net 
陈晓荣   
王志会   
王丽敏   
姜勇   
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中文摘要:
      目的了解中国≥60岁老年人业余锻炼及静态行为。方法采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法在全国疾病监测点系统及新疆生产建没兵团农二师,利用包含全球身体活动问卷(GPAQ)的调查问卷,通过面对面调查收集≥18岁成年人慢性非传染性疾病(慢病)相关危险因素及业余时间中、高强度休闲性身体活动的频率和持续时间等身体活动信息。本研究利用其中15193名>60岁调鱼对象的信息,对老年人业余锻炼及静态行为进行分析。对样本进行复杂加权后,计算从不锻炼率、每周参与至少3 d且每天至少30 min中等强度或相当量活动比例(经常锻炼率)和每周参与至少5 d且每天至少30 min中等强度或相当量活动比例(积极锻炼率)以及总静态行为时间等指标。结果中国≥60岁老年人从不锻炼率为85.4%(95%CI:83.5%~87.3%),经常锻炼率为12.o%(95%CI:10.o%~1 3.1%),积极锻炼率为9.9%(95%CI:8.5%~11.3%)。其中城市人群经常锻炼率(23.8%,95%ci:20.7%.26.9%)和积极锻炼率(20.5%,95%ci:17.9%一23.1%)均明显高于农村。随教育水平、家庭经济收入增加,老年人经常锻炼率和积极锻炼率均上升,各组间差异有统计学意义。老年入平均每日总静态行为时间为42(95%Cl:4.1~4.4)h,平均每日看电视时间为105.1(95%CI:100.6~109.6)min。城市地区、教育水平及家庭经济收入均较高的老年人,每日总静态行为和电视时间均更长.差异有统计学意义。结论中国老年人业余时间参与锻炼的水平较低,尤其是农村地区老年人的锻炼情况更值得关注。
英文摘要:
      0bjective To describe the prevalence of 1eisure-time physical exercise andsedentary behavior among Chinese elderly.Methods A face-to-face questionnaire survey was carriedout in Disease Surveillance Points System(DSPs)and Nonger county in Xiniiang autonomous region to collect information on non.communicable diseases related risk factors.Information on frequency and duration of leisure.time moderate.intensity and vigorous.intensity physical activity was collectedby Global Physical Activity Questionnaire(GPAQ).Multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used to select individuals aged 1 8 and over to beinterviewed.A total of 1 5 l 93 individuals aged60 and over were inclnded in the analysis.Sample was weighted to represent the population of Chinese elderly.Wc analyzed the percentages of those who did not engage in leisure.time moderate.intensityand vigorous-intensity physical activity,those who engaging in leisure-time moderate-intensity at 1east 30 minutes per day and at least three days per week or equivalent(regular exercise)and those who engaged in 1eisure-time moderate-intensity at least 30 minutes per day and at 1east five days perweek or equivalent(active exercise).Sedentary time and time spending on watching television werealso analyzed.Results Percentage of those who did not engage in 1eisure.time physical activity was 5%-87.3%)among Chinese elderly.Chinese elderly exhibited low prevalence ofleisure.time activity with 12.O%(95%Ch 10.O%-13.1%)for regular exercise and with 9.9%(95%6"/:8,5%-11.3%)foractive exercise.E1defly living inurban areas engaged more regular exercise(23.8%. 95%C,:20.7%-26.9%)or active exercise(20.5%,95%CI:17.9%-23.1%)than those llying in ruralareas(P<0.05).Elderly with higher education or higher household income exhibited higher prevalence of leisure-time physical activity when compared to those with lower education or lower income(P<0.05).Furthermore,Ch Jnese elderly spent 4.2 hours(95%c,:4.1-4.4 hours)per day in sedentary behaviors and 105 l minutes(95%C,:100.6-109.6 minutes)per day in watching television(P<0,05).Those living in urban ateas.with higher education or higher household incomc would spend more time in sedentary behaviors or watching television,compared to those llying in r1.1ral areas.with lower education or lower inc.3me(P<0.05).Conelusion Low prevalence in 1eisure-time physical exercise appeared in the Chinese elderly.especially in those living in the rural areas.
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