文章摘要
叶莺,钟文玲,黄少芬,李晓庆.福建省1990--201 0年居民出生期望寿命差异分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(3):280-284
福建省1990--201 0年居民出生期望寿命差异分析
A comparison study on the life expectancy among residents in Fujian province,1990-2010
收稿日期:2013-09-02  出版日期:2014-09-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 期望寿命;期望寿命分解法;死亡率;死因
英文关键词: Life expectancy;Decomposition oflife expectancy;Mortality;Cause ofdeath
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2008ZX10001-003)
作者单位E-mail
叶莺 
福建省疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治科, 福州 350001
 
yeyin978@163.com 
钟文玲 
福建省疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治科, 福州 350001
 
 
黄少芬 
福建省疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治科, 福州 350001
 
 
李晓庆 
福建省疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治科, 福州 350001
 
 
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中文摘要:
      目的分析1990--2010年福建省居民出生期望寿命的变化,探讨不同年龄、死因对期望寿命年代差异的影响。方法利用卫生部死因监测系统中福建省1990--2010年人群的死亡数据估算出生期望寿命,应用Arriaga因素分解法估计期望寿命改变的年龄别、死因别贡献。结果20年问福建省城乡居民期望寿命分别增长了5.82岁和11.67岁,城市人群出生期望寿命高于农村,但农村人群增幅高于城市,两者差距逐步缩小。低年龄组对出生期望寿命增加的贡献率减小,<14岁儿童对农村地区期望寿命的贡献率由78.29%下降至31.23%,使城市居民出生期望寿命降低,高年龄组逐渐成为影响出生期望寿命变化的主体。恶性肿瘤、呼吸系统疾病及脑血管病对城市居民期望寿命增量的影响在减弱,传染病和寄生虫病、神经系统疾病及心血管病的影响增大,分别使城市居民期望寿命增加1.54岁、O.67岁和0.49岁,呼吸系统疾病、消化系统疾病及损伤和中毒对农村居民期望寿命影响也在逐渐减少,而恶性肿瘤、脑血管病、心血管病的影响在逐渐增加,三者使农村居民期望寿命增加了1.23岁;不同死因对各年龄人群期望寿命增量的作用不同。结论福建省居民应降低高年龄组死亡率,提高慢眭非传染性疾病的防治水平,有助于提高人群期望寿命。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the change of life expectancy(LE)among residents of Fujian province over the past two decade and to evaluate the impact of age and causes of death on the differences related to LE.Methods Mortality data from Causes of Death Surveillance System ofMinistry of Health in Fujian province during 1990-2010 were used to calculate the life expectancy.and Arriaga decomposition method was applied to quantitatively evaluate its changes,based on the age-specific and cause.specific mortality.ResulIs The LE in urban and rural residents of Fuiian province had an increase of5.82 and 11.67 years during the past two decade,respectively,which were higher in urban residents than in rural residents.Although the increment of LE was higher in rural populations than in urban population.the difference of LE between urban and rural was seen narrowed.The contribution rate of children on LE was reducing and the contribution rate of children below 1 4 years old tO LE in rural resident declined from 78.29%to 3 1.23%.Middle age and elderly 、populations had become the major ones that causing the change of LE.The impact of cancer,、 respiratory diseases and cerebrovascular diseases on LE in urban residents Was reducing.while theinfluence of infectious disease,nervous system disease and cardiac disease was increasing.causing theLE of urban resident increased 1.54,O.67 and 0.49 years,respectively.The impact of respiratorydiseases,digestive system diseases,as well as injury and poisoning on LE in the rural residents was reducing,while the effect ofcancer,cerebrovascular and cardiac disease increased,causing the LE inthe r1.u'a1 resident increased 1.23 years.Difrerent causes of death had different impact on the LE ineach age group.Conclusion To reduce the mortality rate in the middle-agedand elderly populationand to conffol the incidence of non-communicable diseases could help to ireprove the LE in the residents ofFujian province.
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