文章摘要
朱琳,刘鸿雁,武继磊,裴丽君.中国五城市流动育龄妇女孕产期保健影响因素研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(4):406-410
中国五城市流动育龄妇女孕产期保健影响因素研究
Study on the related factors of prenatal health care among floating women in five cities of China
收稿日期:2013-08-23  出版日期:2015-04-27
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.04.014
中文关键词: 孕产期保健;流动育龄妇女;影响因素
英文关键词: Prenatal health care;Floating women ofchildbearing age;Related factors
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41271439);2010年教育部人文社会科学规划项目(10YJA840030);中国流动人口生殖健康服务状况调查(国人口调[2005]4号)
作者单位E-mail
朱琳 北京大学人口研究所世界卫生组织人口健康合作中心, 100871  
刘鸿雁 中国人口与发展研究中心  
武继磊 北京大学人口研究所世界卫生组织人口健康合作中心, 100871  
裴丽君 北京大学人口研究所世界卫生组织人口健康合作中心, 100871 peilj@pku.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解流动育龄妇女孕产期保健现状及影响因素,为改善其孕产期保健质量提供依据。方法 利用2005年北京、南京、厦门、深圳和重庆5个城市流动人口生殖健康抽样调查数据,描述分析流动育龄妇女孕产期保健分布情况,用logistic回归分析流动育龄妇女孕产期保健影响因素。结果 5399份有效调查问卷中有4037来自经历妊娠的流动育龄妇女,其中参加过和未参加孕产期保健者分别占75.3%(3041/4037)和24.7%(996/4037)。初次产前检查时间与其受教育程度有关(P<0.05)。孕产期保健多因素logistic回归分析显示,孕产期保健在调查地区间存在差异(P<0.05),<30岁和30~39岁组参加孕产期保健的比例别是≥40岁组的4.09倍(95%Cl:3.11~5.39)和1.98倍(95%Cl:1.61~2.43);高中及以上、初中文化程度的流动育龄妇女参加孕产期保健的比例分别是小学及以下者的5.47倍(95%CI:3.85~7.77)和2.86倍(95%Cl:2.42~3.39);已婚流动育龄妇女参加孕产期保健比例是未婚流动妇女的2.36倍(95%Cl:1.07~5.22);生育1胎和2胎者均比生育≥3胎的流动育龄妇女更可能参加孕产期保健,其OR值分别是3.36(95%Cl:2.33~4.84)和1.61(95%Cl:1.12~2.30);有婚育证明者参加孕产期保健比例是无婚育证明者的1.44倍(95%Cl:1.21~1.71)。结论 教育程度高、已婚、生育胎数少及有婚育证明对流动育龄妇女的孕产期保健具有保护作用。通过改善孕产期保健影响因素,提高外来流动人口孕产期保健服务的利用水平,有助于预防和降低不良生殖健康结局的发生风险。
英文摘要:
      0bjective To understand the current status ofprenatal health care(PHC)and itsrelated factors for floating women of childbearing age,and to provide evidence for improving the quality of PHC at childbearing age.Methods With data from the reproductive health survey on floating population in five cities,Beijing,Nanjing,Xiamen,Shenzhen and Chongqing,in 2005,the distributions of PHC among floating women were described.Multivariate logistic regression was performed to investigate the factors related to the utilization of PHC.Results In 5 399 cases of valid questionnaires,4 037 floating women who had the historyof pregnant cases who had or did not have PHC services would account for 75.3%(3 041/4 037)and 24.7%(996/4 037),respectively.The initial time of using the PHC service was significantly associated with the level of their education(P< O.05)received.Data from the multivariate logistic regression analysis in PHC showed that there werecertificate.Conclusion Factors as having received higher education,being married,with less parities or having family planning certificate etc.showed protective effects on PHC for floating women of childbearing age.Based on PHC,education should be promoted among the floating women of childbearing age,which would contribute to the prevention and reduction of adverse outcomes related to reproductive health.
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