文章摘要
姚星,王培玉,钱永刚,刘爱萍.内蒙古部分地区流动人口糖尿病现况调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(8):896-900
内蒙古部分地区流动人口糖尿病现况调查
A cross-sectional study on diabetes among the migrating population in Inner Mongolia
收稿日期:2014-01-25  出版日期:2014-08-30
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.08.005
中文关键词: 糖尿病;糖调节受损;流动人口;患病率
英文关键词: Diabetes;Impaired glucose regulation;Migration population;Prevalence
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
姚星 010059 呼和浩特, 内蒙古医科大学公共卫生学院  
王培玉 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院社会医学与健康教育系  
钱永刚 内蒙古自治区疾病预防控制中心  
刘爱萍 北京大学医学部公共卫生学院社会医学与健康教育系 apingliu@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解内蒙古地区流动人口中糖尿病及糖尿病前期的患病现状。方法 采用按行业分层整群抽样方法进行等额抽样,调查内容包括问卷调查、身体测量和实验室检测。结果 内蒙古部分地区流动人口糖尿病及糖调节受损粗患病率分别为12.5%和12.8%,年龄标化患病率均为9.9%;男性糖尿病患病率高于女性,女性糖调节受损粗患病率高于男性;不同性别糖尿病患病率均随年龄的增长而增加(趋势χ2=11.162,P=0.001);建筑业人群糖尿病患病率最高(19.2%),糖调节受损患病率的差异无统计学意义;外省流入人群流动前糖尿病患病率高,糖调节受损患病率的差异无统计学意义,省内流动人群糖调节受损患病率随流动时间的增加而增长(趋势χ2=9.989,P=0.002)。结论 内蒙古部分地区流动人口糖尿病患病率较高,已接近大城市居民患病水平,其中中老年和建筑业人群患病率最高,省内流动人口糖尿病患病率对内蒙古地区流动人口患病率贡献较大。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the prevalence rates of diabetes and pre-diabetes among migrating population in Inner Mongolia. Methods Using stratified cluster sampling on different industries. Each industry would have the same sample size. Questionnaire survey was performed together with anthropometric data gathered and laboratory tests completed. Results The prevalence rates of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation (IGR) among the migrating population in Inner Mongolia were 12.5% and 12.8% with the age-standardized rate as 9.9% and 9.9%. The prevalence of diabetes increased significantly along with the increase of age among both males and females (χ2=11.162,P=0.001),but was significantly higher in males. The prevalence of IGR in females was significantly higher than in males. The prevalence of diabetes among the construction industry workers was 19.2%,which was the highest among all the industries. The prevalence of diabetes was higher in the inter-province pre-migrating group,while the prevalence of IGR was increasing along with the duration of migration in the intra-province migration group with the trend as χ2=9.989,P=0.002. Conclusion The prevalence of diabetes among the migrating population in Inner Mongolia seemed to be high,close to the level of urban residents. The prevalence rates of diabetes in the population of middle-aged and aged population as well as workers at the construction industry were higher than that in the other populations. The prevalence of diabetes and IGR among the migration population were related to the area where the migration population the in-coming areas Inter-provincial migration had a higher contribution to the prevalence of diabetes.
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