文章摘要
黄宇玲,王志军,刘雪梅,李雯,王迈,陈朔华,吴寿岭.中老年人群高静息心率对颈动脉斑块检出率的影响[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(9):1053-1057
中老年人群高静息心率对颈动脉斑块检出率的影响
Effect of high resting heart rate on the detection rate of carotid artery plaque in elderly population
投稿时间:2014-05-12  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.09.019
中文关键词: 高静息心率;颈动脉斑块;中老年人群;危险因素
英文关键词: High resting heart rate;Carotid artery plaque;Elderly population;Risk factors
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划(2008BAI52B03)
作者单位E-mail
黄宇玲 300450 天津医科大学泰达国际心血管病医院
河北联合大学附属医院心内科 
 
王志军 河北联合大学附属医院心内科  
刘雪梅 开滦总医院超声科  
李雯 开滦总医院超声科  
王迈 开滦总医院超声科  
陈朔华 开滦总医院重症医学科  
吴寿岭 开滦总医院心内科 drwusl@163.com 
摘要点击次数: 1060
全文下载次数: 407
中文摘要:
      目的 探讨中老年人群高静息心率对颈动脉斑块检出率的影响。方法 2010年6月至2011年6月在健康体检职工中随机分层抽取5 852人作为观察对象,进行统一血液生化、静息心率及 颈动脉超声检查,其中5 440人符合入选标准,最后有5 280人纳入统计分析,根据静息心率水平分为≤80次/分(低静息心率组)和>80次/分(高静息心率组),比较性别、年龄分层后颈动脉斑块的 检出率,采用单因素和多因素logistic 回归分析颈动脉斑块的影响因素。 结果 (1)高静息心率组颈动脉斑块检出率高于低静息心率组(48.9% vs. 41.5%,P<0.001);按性别分层后,男性高、 低静息心率组颈动脉斑块检出率分别为58.7%和52.1%,女性分别为26.9%和25.1%。(2)随着年龄增长,颈动脉斑块检出率逐渐升高,年龄<50、50~、60~、≥70岁人群颈动脉斑块检出率分别为 19.5%、42.9%、67.6%、86.5%,高静息心率组颈动脉斑块检出率分别为25.1%、50.0%、70.5%、87.5%,低静息心率组颈动脉斑块检出率分别为 18.5%、41.8%、60.7%、86.3%。(3)校正影响颈动脉斑 块的多因素logistic回归分析,显示高静息心率组发生颈动脉斑块的风险比低静息心率组增加22.6%(OR=1.226,95%CI:1.018~1.477)。结论 高静息心率能增加颈动脉斑块的发生风险。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the effect of high resting heart rate (RHR) on the detection rate of carotid artery plaque in elderly population. Methods From June 2010 to June 2011,a total of 5 852 participants randomly selected and recruited from 101 510 workers of a Tangshan Kailuan Company in this cohort study. All the information was obtained through unified questionnaires. Blood tests and RHR were measured and color-ultrasound performed to detect the carotid artery plaque. All the subjects were divided into groups according to RHR,with ≤80 bpm/min as low RHR group and >80 bpm/min as high RHR group. The detection rates of carotid artery plaque were compared between the two groups after stratification on both gender and age. Single and multiple factors logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the factors related to carotid artery plaques. Results 1) The detection rate of carotid artery plaque in high RHR group was higher than that of low RHR group (48.9% vs. 41.5%,P<0.001). Between the high or low RHR groups,the detection rates of carotid artery plaque were 58.7% and 52.1% in males,26.9% and 25.1% in females. 2) The detection rates of carotid artery plaque increased with age:19.5%,42.9%,67.6% and 86.5% in <50,50-,60-and ≥70 year olds. They were 25.1%,50.0%,70.5% and 87.5% in the high RHR group and,18.5%,41.8%,60.7% and 86.3% in the low RHR group. 3) After adjustment for influence factors related to carotid artery plaque,the risk on carotid artery in high RHR group had an increase of 22.6%,when compared with that of the low RHR group. The OR value was 1.226(95%CI:1.018-1.477). Conclusion High RHR could increase the risk of carotid artery plaque.
查看全文   Html全文     查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭