文章摘要
张梅,王临虹,邓茜,赵寅君,黄正京,李镒冲,姜勇,王丽敏.中国2012年18~59岁就业流动人口蔬菜和水果摄入状况分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2014,35(11):1198-1201
中国2012年18~59岁就业流动人口蔬菜和水果摄入状况分析
Fruit and vegetables intake among the Chinese migrant population aged 18 to 59 years old in 2012
投稿时间:2014-07-31  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2014.11.005
中文关键词: 蔬菜;水果;流动人口;膳食;监测
英文关键词: Vegetables;Fruit;Migrant population;Dietary;Surveillance
基金项目:2012年医改重大专项
作者单位E-mail
张梅 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
王临虹 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心 linhong@chinawch.org.cn 
邓茜 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
赵寅君 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
黄正京 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
李镒冲 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
姜勇 100050 北京, 首都医科大学附属北京天坛医院  
王丽敏 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解中国18~59岁就业流动人口蔬菜和水果摄入情况。方法 采用2012年中国慢性病及其危险因素监测流动人口专题调查数据,该调查是在全国31个省(自治区、直辖市)和新疆生产建设兵团170个县(区、团),采用面对面问卷调查方法收集≥18岁流动人口包括蔬菜和水果摄入的相关信息。将其中所有18~59岁就业流动人口共计48 704人作为研究对象。对样本人群进行性别和年龄标化后,按性别、年龄、行业、教育程度等分组分别计算蔬菜、水果人均每日摄入量均值及摄入不足率等指标。结果 样本人群日均蔬菜摄入353.7(95%CI:351.3~356.2)g,水果摄入125.1(95%CI:123.4~126.9)g。蔬菜和水果摄入不足率为44.1%(95%CI:43.5%~44.6%),男性和女性分别为46.2%(95%CI:45.5%~47.0%)和41.2%(95%CI:40.3%~42.0%)(χ2=82.19,P<0.05);就职行业间比较,以住宿餐饮从业人员蔬菜和水果摄入不足率最高(46.2%,95%CI:45.0%~47.3%),社会服务业人员最低(42.5%,95%CI:41.4%~43.7%),各行业间差异有统计学意义(χ2=15.81,P<0.05);随着教育水平提高,就业流动人口蔬菜和水果摄入不足率有所下降,各组间差异有统计学意义(χ2=22.29,P<0.05)。结论 2012年中国18~59岁就业流动人口中,>40%的人群蔬菜和水果日均摄入量未达到推荐标准,且男性高于女性,以住宿餐饮从业人员摄入不足率最高,但随教育程度提高摄入不足率有所下降。
英文摘要:
      Objective To describe the intake of fruit and vegetables among employed migrant population aged 18 to 59 year-olds in China. Methods Data from the Migrant Population Survey related to China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance that conducted in 170 counties/districts in 31 provinces,2012,was used. Information on non-communicable diseases and related risk factors among migrant population were collected through face-to-face questionnaire interview,physical measurement and lab tests. A total of 48 704 subjects aged 18 to 59 years old were included in our study. Sample was standardized by age and sex. Information on average daily fruit and vegetables intake, prevalence of low fruit and vegetables intake,grouped by sex,age,industries,and education level were analyzed. Results The average daily intakes of vegetables and fruits were 353.7(95%CI:351.3-356.2)g and 125.1(95%CI:123.4-126.9)g respectively,among the employed migrant population aged 18-59 years old in China. Prevalence of low fruit and vegetables intake was 44.1%(95%CI:43.5%-44.6%) among employed migrant population,46.2%(95%CI:45.5%-47.0%) for males and 41.2%(95%CI:40.3%-42.0%) for females (χ2=82.19,P<0.05). Among different professions, the prevalence of low fruit and vegetables intake was the highest among people working in accommodation and restaurants (46.2%,95%CI:45.0%-47.3%) while the lowest seen among those working in social services (42.5%,95%CI:41.4%-43.7%,χ2=15.81,P<0.05). The prevalence of low fruit and vegetables intake showed a decrease along with the increase of education levels (χ2=22.29,P<0.05). Conclusion In 2012, more than 40% of the employed migrant population aged 18 to 59 years old in China had low fruit and vegetables intake. Being male and with low education level were risk factors linked with the higher prevalence of low fruit and vegetables intake.
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