文章摘要
叶鹏鹏,邓晓,高欣,汪媛,耳玉亮,纪翠蓉,金叶,杨超,段蕾蕾,王临虹.2006-2013年全国伤害监测系统中儿童道路交通伤害病例变化趋势及现况特征分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(1):7-11
2006-2013年全国伤害监测系统中儿童道路交通伤害病例变化趋势及现况特征分析
Trend and current characteristics of road traffic injury in children based on data from the National Injury Surveillance System in China from 2006 to 2013
收稿日期:2014-10-01  出版日期:2015-01-09
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.01.003
中文关键词: 道路交通伤害;儿童;监测
英文关键词: Road traffic injury;Child;Surveillance
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
叶鹏鹏 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
邓晓 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
高欣 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
汪媛 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
耳玉亮 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
纪翠蓉 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
金叶 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
杨超 100050 北京, 北京市延庆县疾病预防控制中心  
段蕾蕾 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心  
王临虹 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心 linhong@chinawch.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解中国儿童道路交通伤害门/急诊病例变化趋势及现况特征, 为制定相关干预措施和政策提供依据. 方法 利用2006-2013年全国伤害监测系统(NISS)数据, 分析儿童道路交通伤害病例变化趋势及人口学、伤害事件和临床等现况特征. 结果 2006-2013年NISS儿童道路交通伤害病例数量呈上升趋势, 一直居儿童非故意伤害发生原因的第二位, 但占儿童非故意伤害病例总数的比例呈下降趋势. 2013年儿童道路交通伤害男女性别比值为1.82, 17岁年龄段占10.86%;机动车车祸病例占66.44%, 7、8月、周末和17:00-18:00时为高发期, 65.42%的伤害是发生在驾乘交通工具时;伤害性质73.53%为挫伤/擦伤, 伤害部位33.81%为头部, 轻病例占76.42%, 伤者74.86%的就医结局为治疗后回家. 结论 儿童道路交通伤害问题不容忽视, 中学高年级男生和学龄前男童是儿童道路交通伤害干预的重点人群, 应针对不同年龄和性别儿童开展道路交通安全教育.
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the trend and current characteristics of children engaged in road traffic injury. Data was from the Nation Injury Surveillance System (NISS) and the results of the study would provide basis for corresponding intervention strategies and decision-making. Methods Descriptive analysis was applied to display the trend of child road traffic injury from 2006 and 2013 and also to depict the general information, injuries event and clinical characteristics of child road traffic injuries in 2013. Results The number of child road traffic injuries increased from 2006 to 2013 and ranking the second cause of child unintentional injuries during these years. However, the proportion of child road traffic injuries among child unintentional injuries decreased in the same period. In 2013, sex ratio appeared as 1.82, with 17- year-old age group accounting for 10.86%. Injuries caused by motor traffic vehicles accounted for 66.44%, with July/August, weekends and 17-18 PM as the peak period or time. Transportation related injuries accounted for 65.42%, with 73.53% as bruise. 33.81% of the injury involved in the head but 76.42% of injuries were minor, while 74.86% went home after the treatment. Conclusion Child road traffic injury should not be ignored. Age and sex differences should be taken into account when carrying out education programs on child road traffic safety. Male students at senior high school or preschool were target groups when carrying out child road traffic injury intervention programs.
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