文章摘要
张晓曦,何成普,李巧巧,鲁斌,何海,曾璨,赵阁,栾荣生.成都市两城区部分成年男性吸烟者吸烟行为调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(5):430-433
成都市两城区部分成年男性吸烟者吸烟行为调查
Survey of smoking behaviors among male smokers in two districts of Chengdu
投稿时间:2014-10-17  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.05.005
中文关键词: 吸烟;影响因素;累积比数logistic模型
英文关键词: Smoking;Influence factor;Cumulative odds logistic regression
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张晓曦 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系  
何成普 成都市成华区疾病预防控制中心  
李巧巧 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系  
鲁斌 成都市武侯区疾病预防控制中心  
何海 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系  
曾璨 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系  
赵阁 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院  
栾荣生 610041 成都, 四川大学华西公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计学系 luan_rs@scu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析成都市成年男性吸烟者吸烟行为、吸烟量及其变化的影响因素。方法对成都市两城区320名成年男性吸烟者面对面问卷调查。采用描述性分析、t检验、χ2检验、单因素方差分析、Kruskal-Wails H秩和检验、累积比数logistic回归方法分析数据。结果 分析显示吸烟者更换卷烟后, 吸烟量增加(t=2.327, P=0.021), 焦油量降低(t=-11.251, P<0.001);累积比数logistic回归分析显示, 学历较低(OR=1.968, P=0.040)、收入较高(OR=2.053, P=0.043)、烟蒂较短(OR=2.366, P=0.010)、尼古丁高依赖(OR=7.143, P<0.001)者吸烟量更大。结论 更换卷烟的吸烟者更倾向选择低焦油卷烟;学历低、收入高、尼古丁高依赖的吸烟者是控烟健康教育、行为干预的重点人群。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the smoking behaviors and its influencing factors among male smokers in two districts in Chengdu. Methods A face to face questionnaire survey was conducted among 320 male smokers in Chengdu. And the data were analyzed with descriptive epidemiological method, t test, χ2 test, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wails H rank sum test and cumulative odds logistic regression model. Results More cigarette smoking (t=2.327, P=0.021) and using cigarette with lower tar level (t=-11.251, P<0.001) after changing the brand of cigarette were found among the males surveyed. The cumulative odds logistic regression analysis showed that males with lower education level (OR=1.968, P=0.040), with higher income level(OR=2.053, P=0.043), leaving shorter butts(OR=2.366, P=0.010) and with high nicotine dependence(OR=7.143, P<0.001) had more cigarette smoking. Conclusion Smokers who changed the brand of cigarette were more likely to choose low tar cigarette. Smokers with low education level, high income level and high nicotine dependence are the target population for health education and behavior intervention in smoking control.
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