文章摘要
黄庆波,张旭,郭平,陈功.自评儿女孝顺与老年抑郁症之间的关系[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(6):612-616
自评儿女孝顺与老年抑郁症之间的关系
Relationship between self-rated filial piety and depressive symptoms among the elderly
收稿日期:2014-11-20  出版日期:2015-06-09
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.06.016
中文关键词: 孝顺;老年人;抑郁症
英文关键词: Piety;Elderly;Depressive symptom
基金项目:国家卫生行业科研专项(201302008)
作者单位E-mail
黄庆波 100871 北京大学人口研究所 世界卫生组织人口健康合作中心  
张旭 100871 北京大学人口研究所 世界卫生组织人口健康合作中心  
郭平 中国老龄科学研究中心  
陈功 100871 北京大学人口研究所 世界卫生组织人口健康合作中心 chengong@pku.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 通过分析自评儿女孝顺与老年人抑郁症之间的关系,试图为我国老年人心理健康的干预提供参考依据.方法 利用描述性分析、Person χ2检验和logistic回归模型分析“2010年中国城乡老年人状况调查数据”中18 234名≥60岁老年人自评儿女孝顺与老年抑郁症之间的关系.结果 老年人抑郁症检出率为22.50%;自评儿女不孝顺的老年人比例为1.66%;多元logistic回归分析显示,控制了人口、社会经济特征、家庭环境后,自评儿女不孝顺的老年人出现抑郁症的可能性显著高于自评儿女一般孝顺(OR=1.88,95%CI:1.71~2.07)、孝顺(OR=3.15,95%CI:2.41~4.12)的老年人.结论 自评儿女不孝顺会增加老年人出现抑郁症的可能性.通过改善代际之间的关系、降低子女赡养老年人的压力,有助于改善老年人的心理健康.
英文摘要:
      Objective To examine the association between self-rated filial piety and depression among the elderly,in order to provide evidence for improving the intervention programs on mental health in the elderly. Methods Descriptive,correlative and multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the elderly aged 60 years or over relationship between self-rated filial piety and depressive symptoms. Source of data was from the 2010 Sample Survey of the Aged Population in Urban/Rural China (n=18 234). Results Twenty-two point five zero and 1.66% of the respondents reported having had depression with poor self-rated filial piety. Findings from multiple logistic regression showed that poor self-rated filial piety was associated with higher risk of depression when comparing to those under ‘so-so self-rated filial piety’(OR=1.88,95%CI:1.71-2.07)or good self-rated filial piety(OR=3.15,95%CI:2.41-4.12) among the elderly,after adjusting for factors related to socio-demographic and familiar characteristics. Conclusion Poor self-rated filial piety was associated with depression among the elderly. Programs including support to the elderly and reinforcing publicity on filial piety plus intervention for the elderly with poor self-rated filial piety should be implemented to protect the mental health in the elderly.
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