文章摘要
任晓卫,白亚娜,刘新凤,李娟生,郑芸鹤,刘小宁,刘东鹏,申希平,胡晓斌,裴泓波,孟蕾.甘肃省2012年手足口病空间聚集性研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(6):620-623
甘肃省2012年手足口病空间聚集性研究
Spatial clustering of hand-foot-mouth disease in Gansu,2012
收稿日期:2014-11-14  出版日期:2015-06-09
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.06.018
中文关键词: 手足口病;空间自相关;空间扫描;空间聚集性
英文关键词: Hand-foot-mouth disease;Spatial autocorrelation;Spatial scanning;Spatial clustering
基金项目:国家科技重大专项(2012ZX10004-208); 甘肃省卫生行业科研计划项目(GSWST2012-06); 国家自然科学基金(81102205)
作者单位E-mail
任晓卫 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院  
白亚娜 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院  
刘新凤 甘肃省疾病预防控制中心  
李娟生 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院  
郑芸鹤 甘肃省疾病预防控制中心  
刘小宁 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院  
刘东鹏 甘肃省疾病预防控制中心  
申希平 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院  
胡晓斌 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院  
裴泓波 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院  
孟蕾 甘肃省疾病预防控制中心 ccdcusc101@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨甘肃省2012年手足口病例的空间分布特征及空间聚集性.方法 采用空间自相关和空间扫描方法对2012年甘肃省手足口病监测的县(市、区)级层面数据进行空间统计分析. 结果 全局自相关发现2012年甘肃省手足口病发病呈显著的聚集性分布,局部自相关分析的发病“热点”区域为嘉峪关市、玉门市、敦煌市、金塔县、肃州区、城关区、安宁区、西固区和皋兰县;通过空间扫描统计得到4个有统计学意义的手足口病高发病率聚集区域. 结论 2012年甘肃省手足口病发病存在明显的空间聚集性,经空间自相关和空间扫描可较好分析出高发重点区域.
英文摘要:
      Objective The purpose of this study was to explore the spatial distribution and spatial clustering of hand-foot-mouth disease(HFMD) in Gansu,2012. Methods Spatial autocorrelation and Spatial scanning analysis were used to conduct spatial statistical analyses for the HFMD at the county/district level. Results HFMD cases did not show a random distribution but with significant spatial aggregation. When Local Autocorrelation analysis was applied at the county/district level,with nine hot spot areas as Jiayuguan,Yumen,Dunhuang,Jinta,Suzhou,Chengguan,Anning,Xigu and Gaolan,were discovered. Four statistically significant HFMD clusters were identified by spatial scan statistics. Conclusion HFMD was noticed geographically clustered in Gansu in 2012. Results from this study indicated that the spatial autocorrelation and spatial scanning analysis could effectively detect the areas which presenting significant clusters. Cluster Detection System(CDS) could provide evidence for the development of an effective measure concerning the prevention and control of HFMD.
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