文章摘要
俞莎,郭长满,席海洋,朱利华,马珊珊,杨新军.浙江省孕妇巨大儿相关知识的流行病学调查[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(7):695-700
浙江省孕妇巨大儿相关知识的流行病学调查
Epidemiological investigation of macrosomia-related knowledge awareness among pregnant women in Zhejiang province
投稿时间:2014-12-08  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.07.007
中文关键词: 巨大儿;知晓率;孕妇
英文关键词: Macrosomia;Awareness rate;Pregnant women
基金项目:浙江省自然科学基金(Y2101185); 国家自然科学基金(81072378)
作者单位E-mail
俞莎 325035 温州医科大学环境与公共卫生学院预防医学系  
郭长满 325035 温州医科大学环境与公共卫生学院预防医学系  
席海洋 325035 温州医科大学环境与公共卫生学院预防医学系  
朱利华 325035 温州医科大学环境与公共卫生学院预防医学系  
马珊珊 325035 温州医科大学环境与公共卫生学院预防医学系  
杨新军 325035 温州医科大学环境与公共卫生学院预防医学系 xjyang@wzmc.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解浙江省孕妇对巨大儿相关知识的知晓率及影响因素,为有针对性地开展孕前、孕期保健指导提供科学依据。方法 采用多阶段整群随机抽样方法,用自行设计的调查问卷,对浙江省20个县(市、区)1 512名孕妇进行面对面调查,分析巨大儿知晓率及其影响因素。结果 共回收有效问卷1 494份,巨大儿诊断标准的知晓率为40.7%(95%CI:38.2%~43.2%);巨大儿发生原因知晓率为55.0%(95%CI:52.4%~57.6%)、预防知识知晓率为62.4%(95%CI:59.9%~64.9%),两者均知晓的比例为49.0%(95%CI:46.4%~51.6%)。多因素logistic回归分析显示,孕晚期(OR=1.906,95%CI:1.128~3.221)、城市户籍(OR=1.335,95%CI:1.014~1.756)、教育程度为大专(OR=2.474,95%CI:1.635~3.744)和本科及以上(OR=2.072,95%CI:1.338~3.209)、参加孕期保健知识培训(OR=1.936,95%CI:1.509~2.484)和自学孕期保健知识(OR=2.065,95%CI:1.338~3.189)能够提高孕妇对巨大儿诊断标准和预防知识的知晓率。高龄孕妇(OR=2.103,95%CI:1.330~3.323)对巨大儿发生原因和预防知识知晓率高于低年龄者。结论 浙江省孕妇对巨大儿诊断标准的知晓率不到50%,应加强对育龄妇女的孕前、孕期宣传教育和保健指导,特别是在农村地区多开展孕期保健知识培训。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the awareness rate of macrosomia related knowledge and influencing factors among pregnant women in Zhejiang province and provide evidence for the improvement of pre-gestational and prenatal care. Methods A face to face questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 512 pregnant women selected through multistage cluster random sampling from 20 counties (district) in Zhejiang. Macrosomia-related knowbedge awareness and related factors were analyzed. Results A total of 1 494 valid questionnaires were analyzed, the awareness rate was 40.7% for macrosomia diagnostic criteria(95%CI:38.2%-43.2%), 55.0% for the cause of macrosomia(95%CI:52.4%-57.6%) and 62.4% for prevention related knowledge(95%CI:59.9%-64.9%) and the awareness rate of both the cause and the prevention related knowledge was 49.0%(95%CI:46.4%- 51.6%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the third trimester of pregnancy(OR=1.906, 95%CI:1.128-3.221), urban residence(OR=1.335, 95%CI:1.014-1.756), educational level of junior college(OR=2.474, 95%CI:1.635-3.744) and educational level of regular college or above(OR=2.072, 95%CI:1.338-3.209), receiving health education about health pregnancy(OR=1.936, 95%CI:1.509-2.484) and self-learning about the knowledge of health pregnancy(OR=2.065, 95%CI:1.338-3.189) were the influencing factors to the awareness rate of macrosomia diagnostic criteria and prevention related knowledge of macrosomia among pregnant women. The awareness rate of the cause and prevention related knowledge of macrosomia was higher in older age group(OR=2.103, 95%CI:1.330-3.323). Conclusion Among the pregnant women in Zhejiang, the awareness rate of macrosomia diagnostic criteria was less than 50%. Therefore, it was necessary to strengthen the health education during pre-gestational and gestational periods among reproductive women, especially the education about pregnancy health in rural area.
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