文章摘要
杜文雯,王惠君,陈少洁,苏畅,张涵,张兵.中国9省(区)2000-2011年成年女性膳食营养素摄入变化趋势[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(7):715-719
中国9省(区)2000-2011年成年女性膳食营养素摄入变化趋势
Trend of dietary nutrient intake among adult females in 9 provinces in China, 2000-2011
投稿时间:2014-12-18  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.07.011
中文关键词: 膳食营养素参考摄入量;成年女性;趋势
英文关键词: Dietary reference intakes;Adult female;Trend
基金项目:中国疾病预防控制中心和美国北卡罗莱纳大学人口中心合作项目(R01-HD30880,DK056350,R01-HD38700)
作者单位E-mail
杜文雯 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
王惠君 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
陈少洁 千林女性营养与健康研究中心  
苏畅 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
张涵 中国营养学会  
张兵 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所 zzhangb327@aliyun.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解中国成年女性膳食营养素摄入变化。方法 使用“中国健康与营养调查”2000-2011年数据,结合《中国居民膳食营养素参考摄入量速查手册(2013版)》,分析9省(区)25~55岁成年女性膳食能量及主要营养素摄入变化趋势。结果 2000-2011年9省(区)成年女性膳食能量和蛋白质摄入达到推荐量的人群比例不断下降,碳水化合物供能比过低(<50.0%)和脂肪供能比过高(>30.0%)的人群比例大幅增加。随时间变化,维生素和矿物质摄入状况同样不容乐观,多数微量营养素的达标比例过低,且该比例仍在继续下降。2011年成年女性能量和蛋白质摄入达到膳食推荐量的比例分别为43.0%和54.4%,碳水化合物供能比过低和脂肪供能比过高的比例分别为40.2%和63.8%;维生素A、硫胺素、核黄素、烟酸、维生素C和维生素E摄入达到推荐值的比例分别为25.2%、10.7%、6.9%、54.9%、24.3%和88.5%;钙、镁、铁、锌和硒的摄入量达到推荐值的比例分别为3.3%、23.6%、50.9%、75.7%和13.3%。结论 中国9省(区)成年女性膳食营养状况仍需改善,建议开展有针对性的营养教育和干预。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate trend of dietary nutrient intake among adult females in China. Methods The changes of dietary energy and major nutrient intake among females aged 25 to 55 years in 9 provinces were analyzed by using the data from Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey, 2000-2011 (CHNS) and indicators of Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) 2013. Results During the past decade, the proportion of females with the intake of energy and protein meeting the requirement of recommendation decreased, while the proportion of females with low carbohydrate(<50% energy) and high fat (>30% energy) intakes increased. Meanwhile, the vitamin and mineral intakes among the females were also unsatisfactory, only small proportion of the females met the requirement for micronutrient intake, and this proportion continued to decline. In 2011, the proportion of the females who met the requirements for energy and protein intakes were 43.0% and 54.4%, respectively; the proportion of the females with low carbohydrate and high fat intakes were 40.2% and 63.8%, respectively; the proportion of females who met the requirements for vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C and vitamin E intakes were 25.2%, 10.7%, 6.9%, 54.9%, 24.3% and 88.5% respectively and the proportion of females who met the requirements for calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc and selenium intakes were 3.3%, 23.6%, 50.9%, 75.7% and 13.3% respectively. Conclusion Further nutritional education and intervention is needed to improve nutrition status among Chinese females.
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