文章摘要
杜文聪,杨婕,周金意,张永青,施展,赵丽霞,武鸣.江苏省2006-2013年哨点医院伤害监测[J].中华流行病学杂志,2015,36(8):852-856
江苏省2006-2013年哨点医院伤害监测
Monitoring on injuries in Jiangsu sentinel hospitals, from 2006 to 2013
收稿日期:2015-01-14  出版日期:2015-08-11
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2015.08.018
中文关键词: 伤害;哨点医院;监测
英文关键词: Injury;Sentinel hospital;Surveillance
基金项目:江苏省疾病预防控制中心“科教兴业”基金(JKRC2011014)
作者单位E-mail
杜文聪 210029 南京, 江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
杨婕 210029 南京, 江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
周金意 210029 南京, 江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
张永青 210029 南京, 江苏省疾病预防控制中心  
施展 南京市浦口区疾病预防控制中心  
赵丽霞 张家港市疾病预防控制中心  
武鸣 210029 南京, 江苏省疾病预防控制中心 jswuming@vip.sina.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解2006-2013年江苏省哨点医院伤害监测病例的分布特征。方法 分析江苏省两地区6家全国伤害监测哨点医院2006年1月1日至2013年12月31日收集并审核清理后形成的年度汇总伤害监测数据库。结果 2006-2013年江苏省6家监测哨点医院共报告有效病例448 778例, 男女性别比为1.72: 1, 男性多于女性。伤害发生原因前5位分别为跌倒/坠落伤(27.21%)、道路交通伤(26.23%)、钝器伤(17.50%)、刀/锐器伤(13.87%)和动物伤(6.59%)。伤害发生的月份主要集中在6-8月, 时间集中于08: 00-10: 00。伤害经常发生的地点是公路/街道(31.58%)、家中(23.47%)及工业和建筑场所(21.38%)。伤害发生时主要活动为娱乐活动(36.12%)、驾乘交通工具(25.26%)和有偿工作(24.78%)。伤害意图以非故意为主(92.65%), 其次是故意(暴力/攻击)(6.36%)。结论 2006-2013年江苏省伤害病例数呈现逐年增加趋势, 每年伤害发生的原因均以跌倒/坠落伤和道路交通伤为主, 青少年和老年人的伤害问题日益突出, 应实施有针对性的干预措施。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the characteristics on injuries, using data from the Jiangsu sentinel hospitals, from 2006 to 2013, to develop a injury prevention strategy. Methods Data was collected from the ‘National Injury Monitoring Report Card' of six sentinel hospitals from two surveillance points from 2006 to 2013. Results Information from 448 778 cases was analyzed. The numbers of male cases outnumbered the females, with sex ratio as 1.72: 1. The top five causes of injuries were as follows: falls (27.21%), traffic-related (26.23%), blunt (17.50%), knife/sharp instrument (13.87%) and animal injury (6.59%). Injuries mainly occurred in June, July and August, at 8 to 10 O'clock in the morning. The major places where injuries occurred were road/street (31.58%), home(23.47%), industries and construction sites(21.38%). Recreation activities (36.12%), driving vehicle (25.26%), and at work (24.78%) were the major activities when injuries took place. Most injury cases were unintentional(92.65%) and deliberately(violence/attack)(6.36%). Conclusion All the injuries showed an yearly increase, from 2006 to 2013, with main causes as falls and traffic-related ones. Injuries among teenagers and the elderly should be paid special attention to, with targeted interventions taken.
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