文章摘要
赵一菊,王声湧.治理校园欺凌刻不容缓[J].中华流行病学杂志,2017,38(3):277-279
治理校园欺凌刻不容缓
Reduction and control of school bullying is urgently needed
收稿日期:2016-12-26  出版日期:2017-03-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.03.001
中文关键词: 校园欺凌;校园暴力;预防;治理
英文关键词: School bullying;School violence;Prevention;Reduction and control
基金项目:国家卫生和计划生育委员会公益性行业科研专项(201302003)
作者单位E-mail
赵一菊 523905 东莞市第五人民医院呼吸内科  
王声湧 510632 广州, 暨南大学医学院伤害预防与控制中心 13602710909@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      校园欺凌和校园暴力是世界各国普遍存在的社会问题之一。校园欺凌具有重复性和隐秘性,给受害者造成心理、躯体伤害,甚至影响人格发展。应该把防治校园欺凌作为政府行为来落实,建立校园欺凌事件应急处置机制与预案;明确学校与教师在服务和管理学生行为上的作用与法律责任,帮助老师掌握早期发现和干预校园欺凌的方法;开展学生品德、心理健康和法制教育,让学生依法律己,也懂得依法保护自己,掌握识别危险和规避危险的基本技能;鼓励非政府组织的反欺凌救助机构与网站,学校应设专人专线接听学生求救电话或信息,及时取证和处置可疑的欺凌事件。
英文摘要:
      School bullying and campus violence is a widespread social problem in the world. School bullying is characterized by its repeatability and suddenness, which could make the victims suffering from both psychological and health damage, and even affect their personality growth. Government should pay close attention to the reduction and control of school bullying and campus violence by establishing school bullying emergency response system and preparedness plan. The school and teacher's role and legal responsibility in the service and management in schools should be cleared and defined. It is necessary to help teachers conduct early detection and intervention for school bullying, conduct morality, mental health and legal educations in students to teach them to act according to the law and protect themselves according to the law and help them identify and avoid risks, encourage the establishment of rescue facility and web of anti-school bullying by non-government organizations, and set hotline for school bullying incident to reduce the incidence of school bullying.
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