文章摘要
施小明.应重视大气污染和气候变化急性健康风险评估与适应研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2017,38(3):280-282
应重视大气污染和气候变化急性健康风险评估与适应研究
Attaching importance to study on acute health risk assessment and adaptation of air pollution and climate change
收稿日期:2017-02-10  出版日期:2017-03-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.03.002
中文关键词: 大气污染  气候变化  急性健康风险评估  适应
英文关键词: Air pollution  Climate change  Acute health risk assessment  Adaptation
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0206500)
作者单位E-mail
施小明 100021 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心环境与健康相关产品安全所 shixm@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      大气污染和气候变化已成为世界各国面临的重大环境和公共卫生问题,对人类健康构成重要威胁。如何评估其造成的健康风险,如何减缓风险、提高公众适应成为极为急迫的研究课题。本期“气候变化、空气污染与健康”栏目的论文围绕急性健康风险评估和适应,在研究设计、分析方法、指标的选择和构建等方面提供了重要且丰富的信息,体现了空气污染与气候变化健康风险研究的多中心、区域化及多污染物综合急性效应研究的前沿概念,但研究中所涉及的城市数量和类型仍然有限。今后应进一步扩大精细化的多中心、多区域研究,并在此基础上开展区域性预测预警和加强适应性研究。
英文摘要:
      Air pollution and climate change have become key environmental and public health problems around the world, which poses serious threat to human health. How to assess and mitigate the health risks and increase the adaptation of the public have become an urgent topic of research in this area. The six papers in this issue will provide important and rich information on design, analysis method, indicator selection and setting about acute health risk assessment and adaptation study of air pollution and climate change in China, reflecting the advanced conceptions of multi-center and area-specific study and multi-pollutant causing acute effect study. However, the number and type of the cities included in these studies were still limited. In future, researchers should further expand detailed multi-center and multi-area study coverage, conduct area specific predicting and early warning study and strengthen adaptation study.
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