文章摘要
胡晓斌,杨轶男,张孟媛,苗苗,白亚娜,郑山,王敏珍.大学生课堂手机依赖症现状及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2017,38(10):1352-1357
大学生课堂手机依赖症现状及影响因素分析
Present situation and influencing factors on classroom mobile phone dependence syndrome in college students
收稿日期:2017-02-08  出版日期:2017-10-23
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.10.011
中文关键词: 课堂手机依赖症;大学生;发生率;影响因素
英文关键词: Classroom mobile phone dependence syndrome;University students;Incidence rate;Influencing factors
基金项目:兰州大学教学研究项目(201531)
作者单位E-mail
胡晓斌 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计研究所 huxiaobin@lzu.edu.cn 
杨轶男 730030 兰州大学第二医院儿科  
张孟媛 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计研究所  
苗苗 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计研究所  
白亚娜 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计研究所  
郑山 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计研究所  
王敏珍 730000 兰州大学公共卫生学院流行病与卫生统计研究所  
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中文摘要:
      目的 揭示大学生课堂手机依赖症(CMPDS)现状及影响因素,为指导大学生合理、健康地使用手机,避免CMPDS的发生提供科学依据。方法 采用分层整群抽取兰州市某综合大学不同专业、不同年级的大学生为研究对象,以班级为单位,由调查员发放问卷,在知情同意基础上进行匿名调查。结果 大学生CMPDS发生率为8.7%,其中轻度是6.6%,重度是2.1%;大学生CMPDS无性别、年级、专业、生源差异。课堂上购物(OR=3.720)、课程无聊(OR=1.740)、WiFi覆盖(OR=1.787)、课堂使用时间(OR=1.514)、日常使用时间(OR=1.513)是大学生CMPDS的危险性因素;拍课件(OR=0.579)是保护性因素。结论 大学生CMPDS发生率偏高,学校、教师、学生自身三方面要形成合力,使大学生克服课堂手机依赖,保障身心健康。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the current situation and influencing factors on Classroom Mobile Phone Dependence Syndrome (CMPDS) among college students, and to provide scientific basis for guiding college students to use mobile phones reasonably and healthily. Methods Stratified cluster sampling method was used. Students from different majors and different grades in Lanzhou University were included as the research objects. Classes were recognized as a unit in receiving basic field investigation in this questionnaire related study. Informed consent principles were followed and process of survey was anonymously carried out. Results The overall rate of CMPDS in college students was 8.7%, including ‘mild rate’ as 6.6% and ‘seriously mild rate’ as 2.1%. No significant differences were found on genders or grades. Factors as shopping in the classroom shopping (OR=3.720), being bored on courses (OR=1.740), WiFi coverage (OR=1.787), time of practice in the classrooms (OR=1.514), and the total time of daily mobile phone use (OR=1.513) etc, appeared as risk factors related to CMPDS among the college students. However. shooting courseware (OR=0.579) appeared as a protective factor. Conclusions Rate of CMPDS was high in college students and we suggested to form a joint task force among the college authority, teachers and students to work on the related problems. Hopefully, the serious CMPDS condition will be minimized and both physical and mental health of the college students be improved.
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