文章摘要
周丽,黄园园,谌丁艳,张栋,罗青山,王赟,吴宇.深圳市中学生日常行为习惯与其肩颈腰背健康状况的关系[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(4):469-473
深圳市中学生日常行为习惯与其肩颈腰背健康状况的关系
Correlation between both neck/shoulder and low back pain and daily behavioral habits among middle school students in Shenzhen
收稿日期:2017-09-08  出版日期:2018-04-18
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.04.016
中文关键词: 中学生  日常行为习惯  肩颈症状  腰背症状  相关因素
英文关键词: Middle school student  Daily behavioral habits  Neck/Shoulder pain  Low back pain  Relative factors
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
周丽 518020 深圳市疾病预防控制中心 279117807@qq.com 
黄园园 518020 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
谌丁艳 518020 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
张栋 518020 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
罗青山 518020 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
王赟 518020 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
吴宇 518020 深圳市疾病预防控制中心  
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨深圳市中学生日常行为习惯与其肩颈、腰背健康的相关性,为更好地预防中学生肩颈、腰背症状提供理论依据。方法 采取分层整群抽样方法,抽取深圳市10个区10所中学的3 952名学生进行脊柱健康状况及日常行为习惯的问卷调查,调查数据采用SPSS 23.0软件进行分析。结果 深圳市中学生中有肩颈症状和腰背症状的分别为20.3%和15.2%;有肩颈症状的女生(25.3%)多于男生(16.2%),高中生(24.5%)多于初中生(15.5%),住校生(24.4%)多于非住校生(17.6%);有腰背症状的女生(17.9%)多于男生(13.0%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。多因素logistic结果分析显示,性别、学校类型、午休趴在桌子上睡觉、因学习或玩电脑熬夜、自评学习压力、持续长时间做作业、玩手机、看电视和使用电脑与学生肩颈症状相关(P<0.05);性别、午休趴在桌子上睡觉、因学习或玩电脑熬夜、自评学习压力、持续长时间做作业、玩手机、看电视与学生腰背症状相关(P<0.05)。结论 深圳市中学生肩颈、腰背症状不容忽视,学习压力、长时间静坐行为和不良的睡眠习惯均对脊柱健康有影响。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the relations between neck/shoulder or low back pain and their daily behavioral habits among middle school students in Shenzhen. Methods We randomly chose 3 952 students from 10 high schools in Shenzhen to complete the questionnaires. Data was gathered and analyzed, using the IBM SPSS 23.0. Results Of the 3 952 participants, 20.3% had neck/shoulder pain and 15.2% had low back pain. Among students experienced neck/shoulder pain, female (25.3%), high school (24.5%) and boarding students (24.4%) experienced higher rates of neck/shoulder pain (P<0.05). Female students (17.9%) also had higher rate of low back pain (P<0.05). Results from logistic regression analysis showed that factors as:gender, type of school, taking naps on the desk, staying up late, self-perceived stress from learning, overloading homework, time spent on mobile phone and TV, spending long time on computer etc. were related to the neck/shoulder pain (P<0.05). Factors as:gender, naps on the desk, stay up late, self-perceived stress, overloading homework, time spent on mobile phone and TV etc., were related to low back pain (P<0.05). Conclusion Neck/shoulder pain and low back pain were both commonly seen while high self-perceived stress, sedentary behaviors and poor sleeping habits were associated with both neck/shoulder and low back pain in high school students in Shenzhen.
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