文章摘要
方利文,王临虹.中国居民慢性阻塞性肺疾病监测意义重大[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(5):541-545
中国居民慢性阻塞性肺疾病监测意义重大
Importance for surveillance on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among Chinese adults
收稿日期:2018-01-17  出版日期:2018-05-24
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.05.001
中文关键词: 慢性阻塞性肺疾病  监测  危险因素  肺功能检查  知晓率
英文关键词: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  Surveillance  Risk factor  Spirometry examination  Awareness
基金项目:中央转移支付重大公共卫生项目
作者单位E-mail
方利文 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心呼吸病防控室  
王临虹 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病预防控制中心呼吸病防控室 linhong@chinawch.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      2014年我国开展了中国居民COPD监测,获得全国代表性数据结果。COPD监测对于掌握中国≥40岁居民COPD患病及其危险因素的流行状况与变化趋势,制定国家COPD防控政策,评估防控效果,建立COPD综合监测系统以及建设专业的COPD监测与防控队伍具有重要意义。本期重点号文章介绍了COPD监测的方法与内容,报告了中国≥40岁人群肺功能检查率及COPD知识知晓率,分析了该人群的烟草烟雾暴露、职业粉尘暴露、生物燃料和煤燃料暴露等主要COPD危险因素的流行状况,以及COPD高危人群分布特征,为我国开展COPD综合防控工作提供了基础数据。
英文摘要:
      The first national surveillance of COPD in mainland China was carried out in 2014, with the nationally representative data obtained. The national surveillance was significantly important for the monitoring of prevalence, risk factors, and changing trend of COPD among Chinese adults aged ≥ 40. The surveillance was also important in the development of national COPD prevention and control policy, the evaluation of prevention and control progress, the establishment of COPD comprehensive surveillance system, and the building of a professional COPD monitoring and prevention team. In this editorial, we briefly introduced the method and content of COPD surveillance, and reported the rate of spirometry examination and COPD awareness among adults aged ≥ 40 in China. We also analyzed the rate of main risk factors for COPD, such as tobacco smoking, occupational exposure to dust or chemical and indoor exposure to biomass or coal, and the distribution of high-risk population. This study provided fundamental data for the prevention and control of COPD in China.
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