文章摘要
刘丹,房红芸,赵丽云,于冬梅,龙靖淼,赵文华.家庭相关因素与中国6~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖关系的研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(6):720-723
家庭相关因素与中国6~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖关系的研究
Study on the relationship between family-related factors and obesity of children and adolescents aged 6-17 years
投稿时间:2017-10-26  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.06.005
中文关键词: 儿童青少年;超重;肥胖;父母文化水平;家庭收入
英文关键词: Children and adolescents;Overweight;Obesity;Parents' education level;Household income
基金项目:国家卫生和计划生育委员会(原卫生部)医改重大项目[中国居民营养与健康状况监测(2010-2012年)];科技基础资源调查专项项目(2017FY101101)
作者单位E-mail
刘丹 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
房红芸 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
赵丽云 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
于冬梅 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
龙靖淼 100191 北京大学医学部医学人文研究院  
赵文华 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所 zhaowh@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析家庭相关因素与6~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖的关系。方法 利用"2010-2012年中国居民营养与健康状况监测"数据筛选6~17岁儿童青少年作为研究对象,对其父母体重、文化程度、家庭年人均收入等家庭相关因素进行匹配后获得6 343名研究样本,通过单因素和多因素logistic逐步回归法分析家庭相关因素与儿童青少年超重肥胖的关系。结果 在调整年龄、性别、城乡因素后,多因素logistic回归模型分析结果显示,父母BMI越高(母亲:OR=1.83,95%CI:1.63~2.05;父亲:OR=1.74,95%CI:1.57~1.94)、家庭年人均收入越高(OR=1.30,95%CI:1.15~1.46)、母亲的文化水平越高(OR=1.24,95%CI:1.12~1.37),儿童青少年的超重肥胖率越高。结论 父母超重肥胖、母亲文化水平高、家庭年人均收入高等相关因素与中国儿童青少年超重肥胖呈正相关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the relationship between family-related factors and the status of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in China.Methods Data were collected from the China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012 program. A sample of 6 343 subjects aged 6-17 years was selected, with matched weight, education levels, household income and other family related factors of their parents. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to explore the relationship between family factors and overweight and obesity in school-aged children and adolescents.Results After adjusted for age, gender and region, results from the multivariate logistic regression showed that both the overweight and obesity of children and adolescents were associated with maternal BMI (OR=1.83, 95% CI:1.63-2.05), paternal BMI (OR=1.74, 95% CI:1.57-1.94), mother's educational level (OR=1.24, 95% CI:1.12-1.37) and household income (OR=1.30, 95% CI:1.15-1.46).Conclusion Factors as overweight or obesity status of the parents, mother's educational level and household income were positively correlated with the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Chinese children and adolescents.
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