文章摘要
房红芸,翟屹,赵丽云,于冬梅,张倩,琚腊红,于文涛,赵文华.中国6~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖流行特征[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(6):724-727
中国6~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖流行特征
Epidemiological characteristics of overweight and obesity in Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years
投稿时间:2017-09-28  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.06.006
中文关键词: 超重;肥胖;儿童青少年
英文关键词: Overweight;Obesity;Children and adolescents
基金项目:国家卫生和计划生育委员会(原卫生部)医改重大项目[中国居民营养与健康状况监测(2010-2012年)]
作者单位E-mail
房红芸 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
翟屹 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心慢性病防治与社区卫生处  
赵丽云 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
于冬梅 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
张倩 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
琚腊红 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
于文涛 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
赵文华 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所 zhaowh@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析我国6~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖流行情况,为制定肥胖防治策略提供科学依据。方法 利用"2010-2012年中国居民营养与健康状况监测"中6~17岁儿童青少年调查资料,分析我国儿童青少年超重肥胖现状。6岁儿童采用WHO 2007年推荐的分年龄性别BMI超重肥胖判定标准判定超重肥胖,7~17岁儿童青少年采用《中国学龄儿童青少年超重和肥胖预防与控制指南》中的分年龄、性别的BMI超重肥胖判定标准进行判定。结果 6~17岁儿童青少年超重率和肥胖率分别为9.6%和6.4%,其中城市儿童青少年超重率和肥胖率分别为11.0%(男生:12.8%,女生:9.0%)和7.7%(男生:9.7%,女生:5.5%),农村儿童青少年超重率和肥胖率分别为8.4%(男生:9.3%,女生:7.4%)和5.2%(男生:6.2%,女生:4.1%)。按家庭经济收入水平分,高、中和低家庭收入儿童青少年的超重率分别为12.3%、10.7%和8.2%,肥胖率分别为8.6%、7.2%和5.7%。结论 2012年,我国6~17岁儿童青少年超重肥胖表现为城市高于农村,男生高于女生;患病率与家庭经济收入水平有关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years, and to provide scientific basis for the development of prevention strategies on obesity.Methods Data was from children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in the China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance 2010-2012 program. In children aged 6 years, criteria of overweight and obesity were followed the WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. In children and adolescents aged 7-17 years, overweight and obesity were defined by sex and age specific BMI, recommended by Guidelines for prevention and control of overweight and obesity among school-age children and adolescents according to the Chinese guidelines.Results The overall rates on overweight and obesity were 9.6% and 6.4% among the Chinese children and adolescents aged 6-17 years, with 11.0% (12.8% for boys and 9.0% for girls) in urban and 7.7% (boys 9.7%, girls 5.5%) in rural areas. The rates of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents were 8.4% (boys 9.3%, girls 7.4%) and 5.2% (boys 6.2%, girls 4.1%) in the rural areas. According to the levels of household income, the overweight rates of children in high, middle and low incomes were 12.3%, 10.7% and 8.2%, with obesity as 8.6%, 7.2% and 5.7% respectively.Conclusions In 2012, the prevalence rates of overweight and obese were 9.6% and 6.4% among children and adolescents aged 6-17 years, respectively, higher in urban than in rural areas and higher boys than in girls. The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity seemed to be related to the levels of household income.
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