文章摘要
于佳,张涛,王胤,高君玫,华军,田健美,丁云芳,张钧,陈立凌,李健琴,赵根明.苏州市2011-2017年5岁以下儿童流感门诊病例临床特征及疾病负担[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(6):847-851
苏州市2011-2017年5岁以下儿童流感门诊病例临床特征及疾病负担
Clinical characteristics and economic burden of influenza among children under 5 years old, in Suzhou, 2011-2017
投稿时间:2017-10-09  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.06.029
中文关键词: 流行性感冒;儿童;临床症状;疾病负担
英文关键词: Influenza;Children;Clinical characteristics;Economic burden
基金项目:中美新发和再发传染病合作项目(5U2GGH000018);第四轮公共卫生三年行动计划重点学科建设项目(15GWZK0101);苏州市临床重点病种诊疗技术专项项目;苏州市重点学科;江苏省临床重点专科
作者单位E-mail
于佳 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院  
张涛 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院  
王胤 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院  
高君玫 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院  
华军 215003 苏州大学附属儿童医院  
田健美 215003 苏州大学附属儿童医院  
丁云芳 215003 苏州大学附属儿童医院  
张钧 215000 苏州市疾病预防控制中心  
陈立凌 215000 苏州市疾病预防控制中心  
李健琴 215003 苏州大学附属儿童医院  
赵根明 200032 上海, 复旦大学公共卫生学院 gmzhao@shmu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解2011-2017年苏州大学附属儿童医院<5岁儿童流感样病例(ILI)临床特征及疾病负担。方法 2011年3月至2017年2月于苏州市儿童医院监测因流感样疾病就诊的<5岁门诊病例,通过问卷调查和电话随访收集人口学信息、临床信息、疾病史及与医疗有关的直接和间接费用,比较ILI及不同流感亚型确诊病例的临床特征和社会经济负担。结果 共纳入6 310例,其中791例(12.9%)流感病毒检测阳性,其中A/H1N1阳性88例(11.1%),A/H3N2阳性288例(36.4%),B型415例(52.5%)。流感阳性儿童发生咳嗽、流涕、喘息、呕吐、抽搐的比例皆高;A/H1N1、A/H3N2、B型感染导致临床特征的主要差异为咳嗽(χ2=9.227,P=0.010)、喘息(χ2=7.273,P=0.026)和呕吐(χ2=8.163,P=0.017)。流感病毒阴性者治疗平均费用688.4(95%CI:630.1~746.7)元,流感病毒阳性者为768.0(95%CI:686.8~849.3)元。A/H1N1阳性者治疗总费用明显高于A/H3N2阳性和B型阳性者(χ2=7.237,P=0.028)。结论 儿童感染流感病毒更易发生咳嗽、流涕、喘息、呕吐、抽搐等临床症状,并造成严重的疾病负担,其中A/H1N1亚型感染造成的疾病负担高于其他2种亚型。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the clinical characteristics and economic burden of influenza-like illness (ILI) children aged 0-59 months in the outpatient settings in Suzhou, China, 2011-2017.Methods From March 2011 to February 2017, we conducted a prospective surveillance program on ILI for children aged less than 5 years at Soochow University Affiliated Children's Hospital. Through standard questionnaires and follow-up survey via telephone, we collected information regarding the demographic characteristics, medical history, clinical symptoms and both direct and indirect costs associated with influenza, of the patients. We then compared clinical characteristics and economic burden of influenza A/H1N1, A/H3N2, and B infections among children with ILI.Results We enrolled 6 310 patients with ILI from March 2011 to February 2017 and collected all their throat swabs. 791 (12.9%) of the swabs showed positive for influenza virus, including 88 (11.1%) subtype influenza A/H1N1, 288 (36.4%) subtype influenza A/H3N2, and 415 (52.5%) type influenza B. The proportions of cough, rhinorrhea, wheezing, vomiting and convulsion in influenza-positive children were higher than those influenza-negative children. Except for the prevalence rates of cough (χ2=9.227, P=0.010), wheezing (χ2=7.273, P=0.026) and vomiting (χ2=8.163, P=0.017), other clinical symptoms appeared similar between the three viral subtypes. Among all the ILI children, the average total cost per episode of influenza was 688.4 Yuan (95% CI:630.1-746.7) for influenza-negative children; 768.0 Yuan (95% CI:686.8-849.3) for influenza-positive children and 738.3 Yuan (95% CI:655.5-821.1) for influenza B. Children with influenza A/H1N1 spent much more than those with influenza A/H3N2 or influenza B in the total cost (χ2=7.237, P=0.028).Conclusion Children infected influenza showed higher prevalence rates of cough, rhinorrhea, wheezing, vomiting and convulsion than those without influenza. Influenza A/H1N1 subtype caused heavier economic burden than the other two influenza subtypes.
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