文章摘要
李立明.公共卫生在健康中国建设中的地位和作用[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(7):867-872
公共卫生在健康中国建设中的地位和作用
Role of public health in building Healthy China
投稿时间:2018-03-31  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.07.001
中文关键词: 公共卫生;健康中国
英文关键词: Public health;Healthy China
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李立明 100191 北京大学公共卫生学院 lmlee@vip.163.com 
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中文摘要:
      健康中国建设是国家战略,是建成全面小康社会的重要基础,具有重大意义。公共卫生在健康中国建设中具有重要地位和作用。健康中国建设必须坚持把人民健康放在优先发展的战略位置;坚持把建设健康中国作为奋斗目标;坚持正确的卫生与健康工作方针;坚持“大健康”的发展理念;坚持卫生与健康事业发展的公益性;坚持以改革创新为推进健康中国建设的根本动力;坚持把人才队伍建设作为核心要素。健康中国建设要坚持预防为主,全面提高人民健康水平,加强慢性病防控;加强健康教育;塑造自主自律的健康行为;提高全民身体素质;强化覆盖全民的公共卫生服务;充分发挥中医药独特优势;加强重点人群健康服务;深入开展爱国卫生运动;加强影响健康的环境问题治理。公共卫生在健康中国建设中必须坚持政府主导,预防为主方针;坚持大卫生观念和国家公共卫生的基本职能;坚持大众生态健康模型,推进医学整合发展;坚持人才战略,加强公共卫生队伍的能力建设;坚持科研为依托,切实抓好公共卫生基础研究;坚持科学、规范、有序,抓好常规公共卫生工作,确保常规与应急协调发展;坚持循证决策,早日实现公共卫生服务均等化。健康中国、健康一生都需要健康的环境支持。要携手共同应对全球的公共卫生问题,促进全球健康。在健康中国建设的新时代,要全方位、全周期保障人民健康,走出一条中国特色卫生与健康发展道路,为新时代中国特色社会主义伟大实践做出贡献。
英文摘要:
      As a national strategy, the goal of Build a Healthy China is of significant importance on forming a well-off society, in which Public Health endeavor always stands an epi-center role. In developing the Healthy China strategy, we need to prioritize the people's health and recognize that Healthy China requires both brilliant health guidance and the belief of One Health. In addition, we must adhere to public welfare of health and health development. We should also take continuous reforming process and innovation as the fundamental motive force for promoting the construction of healthy China, with building up strong professional teams as one of the core elements. The development of Healthy China should adhere to the following strategies as Prevention First, Improving people's health, Strengthening control and prevention on chronic diseases, Improving health education, Building self-awareness on healthy behavior, Improving physical quality of the people, Increasing the accessibility on public health service, promoting the fully use of unique advantages provided by traditional Chinese medicine, Strengthening the health service of the key crowd, etc. We should also carry out the Patriotic Health Campaign and improve the governance of environmental problems that affecting health status of the people. In the process of building up Healthy China, the following points should stick to at all times, which are:leadership of the government and Prevention first policy' should be emphasized and adhere to the basic functions of the public health concept and providing health for all in the nation, practising the mass ecological health model which would promote the integrated development of medicine. We should also adhere to the talent strategy in improving the capacity building of the public health team, recognizing research as essential importance. The strategy should also scientifically and orderly adhere to the routine public health practices to ensure the coordination between routine and emergency services and adhere to the evidence-based decision-making models to make sure the equalization of public health services provided at an early date. Both Healthy China and Healthy life need healthy environment as well. We should work together to tackle the global public health problems. In the new era of Healthy China development, we should provide Chinese people with comprehensive and full life-cycle health services. We will make all efforts to step out the development of health-related endeavor under China's own characteristics, to contribute to the great practice of socialism in the new era.
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