文章摘要
何宇纳,赵文华,白国银,房玥晖,张坚,杨晓光,丁钢强.中国成年人肉类食物摄入与代谢综合征的相关性研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(7):892-897
中国成年人肉类食物摄入与代谢综合征的相关性研究
Relationship between meat consumption and metabolic syndrome in adults in China
投稿时间:2018-01-23  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.07.006
中文关键词: 膳食;肉类摄入;代谢综合征;高血糖;高血压;血脂;肥胖;中国成年人
英文关键词: Diet;Meat consumption;Metabolic syndrome;Hyperglycemia;Hypertension;Blood lipid;Obesity;Chinese adult
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
何宇纳 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
赵文华 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
白国银 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
房玥晖 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
张坚 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
杨晓光 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
丁钢强 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所 dinggq@chinacdc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析我国≥18岁成年人肉类食物摄入量与MS患病的关系。方法 2010-2012年中国居民营养与健康状况监测中34 923名≥18岁完成膳食调查并具有完整体检及血糖、血脂检测结果的成年人作为研究对象,根据2013年中华医学会糖尿病分会提出的中国人的MS诊断标准,经复杂抽样加权处理后,计算患病率与成年人肉类摄入量间关系。结果 成年居民人均肉类食物摄入量为94.8 g/d。平均每日摄入量在100~199 g/d的人群MS、腹型肥胖和高血糖的患病率最低。随着摄入量的增加,男性MS患病率显著增加,且摄入量≥300 g/d的人群发生MS的风险显著高于低摄入水平人群,调整后患病率比(PR)为1.46(95% CI:1.14~1.87),但未在摄入量≥300 g/d的女性人群中观察到相似趋势。结论 中国成年人群摄入适量肉类发生MS的风险较低。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the relationship between meat consumption and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults aged ≥ 18 years. Methods The data were obtained from 2010-2012 National Nutrition and Health Survey. A total of 34 923 subjects who completed the dietary survey, the physical examination and had the testing results of blood sugar and blood lipid levels were enrolled in this study. MS was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society 2013. The prevalence ratios of MS and each form of MS and related 95%CI were calculated after post stratification weight according to the population data (2009) released by the national bureau of statistics. Results The average meat intake among subjects was 94.8 g/d. People who had meat consumption between 100 g/d and 199 g/d had the lowest prevalence of MS, abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia. As the meat consumption increased, the prevalence of MS in men increased. Men who had meat consumption of ≥ 300 g/d had a higher risk of MS than those who had low level of meat consumption, with prevalence ratio equaled to 1.46 (95%CI:1.14~1.87). Similar trend was not observed in women. Conclusion Moderate intake of meat is associated with reduced risk of MS in Chinese adults.
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