文章摘要
吴琼苗,李艳,付笑冰,杨放,李杰,黄惠珍,颜瑾,林鹏.广东省丙型肝炎患者的经济负担及相关因素研究[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(7):931-936
广东省丙型肝炎患者的经济负担及相关因素研究
Economic burden of hepatitis C patients and related influencing factors in Guangdong province
投稿时间:2017-10-25  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.07.013
中文关键词: 慢性丙型肝炎;经济负担;相关因素
英文关键词: Chronic hepatitis C;Economic burden;Influencing factor
基金项目:广东省医学科研基金指令性课题(C2014005)
作者单位E-mail
吴琼苗 522000 揭阳, 广东省揭阳市人民医院  
李艳 510632 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心  
付笑冰 510632 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心  
杨放 510632 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心  
李杰 510632 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心  
黄惠珍 510632 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心  
颜瑾 510632 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心  
林鹏 510632 广州, 广东省疾病预防控制中心 gdcdclp@21cn.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解广东省丙型肝炎(丙肝)患者的经济负担以及相关因素。方法 2016年1-3月,采用整群抽样方法,从广东省21个城市中选取丙肝报告病例较多的1~2家大型综合医院作为研究现场,所有符合纳入标准的门诊和住院丙肝患者均作为研究对象,统一进行问卷调查,分析丙肝患者的经济负担现状;多元线性回归分析研究丙肝的经济负担的相关因素。结果 共调查356例丙肝患者,门诊和住院病例分别为176例(占49.4%)和180例(占50.6%),年龄(44.79±11.73)岁。急性丙肝、慢性丙肝和肝硬化患者的年直接经济费用分别为10 703.22(IQR:7 396.75~16 891.91)、14 886.63(IQR:7 274.00~30 228.25)和28 874.00(IQR:13 093.69~56 350.00)元;年间接费用分别为2 426.99(IQR:1 912.18~7 354.52)、3 235.99(IQR:1 323.81~6 619.07)和5 442.35(IQR:3 235.99~10 296.33)元;年形费用分别为5 000.00(IQR:2 000.00~10 000.00)、10 000.00 (IQR:4 000.00~30 000.00)和10 000.00(IQR:3 000.00~100 000.00)元;年总经济费用分别为22 306.17(IQR:14 581.24~50 569.17)、38 050.33(IQR:17 449.57~68 319.62)和80 152.18(IQR:40 856.09~228 460.79)元。多元线性回归分析结果显示,年住院日数、年门诊次数、年住院次数、疾病类型和医院级别是丙肝患者经济负担的相关因素。结论 广东省丙肝患者的经济负担严重,应采取相应措施减轻丙肝患者的经济负担,同时控制形费用的支出。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the economic burden of hepatitis C patients and related factors in Guangdong province. Methods In this study, cluster sampling method was used to select cases, including acute hepatitis C, chronic hepatitis C and liver cirrhosis cases from eligible outpatients and inpatients in 1 or 2 large general hospitals in all the 21 cities in Guangdong province. Questionnaire survey was conducted for all the hepatitis C patients to analyze their economic burden, while multivariate linear regression model was used to identify the related influencing factors. Results A total of 356 hepatitis C patients were enrolled in the study, with 176 outpatients (49.4%) and 180 inpatients (50.6%) respectively. The average age of the study subjects was (44.79±11.73) year-olds. The annual direct economic costs of patients with acute hepatitis C, chronic hepatitis C and liver cirrhosis were 10 703.22 (IQR:7 396.75-16 891.91), 14 886.63 (IQR:7 274.00-30 228.25) and 28 874.00 (IQR:13 093.69-56 350.00) Yuan (RMB) respectively. The annual indirect costs appeared as 2 426.99 (IQR:1 912.18-7 354.52), 3 235.99 (IQR:1 323.81-6 619.07) and 5 442.35 (IQR:3 235.99-10 296.33) Yuan (RMB) respectively. The annual intangible costs were 5 000.00 (IQR:2 000.00-10 000.00), 10 000.00 (IQR:4 000.00-30 000.00) and 10 000.00 (IQR:3 000.00-100 000.00) Yuan (RMB) respectively. The annual total costs were 22 306.17 (IQR:14 581.24-50 569.17), 38 050.33 (IQR:17 449.57-68 319.62) and 80 152.18 (IQR:40 856.09-228 460.79) Yuan (RMB) respectively. Results from the multiple linear regression analysis showed that factors as:annual hospitalization days, annual number of outpatient visits, annual number of hospitalization, type of disease and the levels of the hospitals were related to the economic burden of patients with hepatitis C. Conclusion Patients with HCV-related diseases presented serious economic problem which calls for close attention in Guangdong province.
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