文章摘要
杨君胜,张丽杰,冯录召,赵金华,马月艳,徐莉立.青海省西宁市医院临床医护人员2016-2017年度流感疫苗接种情况及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(8):1066-1070
青海省西宁市医院临床医护人员2016-2017年度流感疫苗接种情况及影响因素分析
Influenza vaccination and its influencing factors among clinical staff of the hospitals in 2016-2017 season, Xining, Qinghai province, China
投稿时间:2018-06-07  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.08.010
中文关键词: 接种率;流感疫苗;医护人员;西宁市
英文关键词: Vaccination;Influenza vaccine;Clinical staff;Xining
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
杨君胜 810010 西宁, 青海省疾病预防控制中心公共卫生科  
张丽杰 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心现场流行病学项目部  
冯录召 102206 北京, 传染病预防控制处  
赵金华 810010 西宁, 青海省疾病预防控制中心急性传染病预防控制科  
马月艳 810010 西宁, 青海省疾病预防控制中心急性传染病预防控制科  
徐莉立 810010 西宁, 青海省疾病预防控制中心急性传染病预防控制科 qhcdcxull@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解青海省西宁市临床医护人员2016-2017年度流感疫苗的接种情况及影响因素,初步探索推动西宁市临床医护人员流感疫苗接种措施。方法 随机抽取西宁市4家三级医院,在知情同意的原则下自愿参与完成自填式问卷调查,并访谈医院相关负责人。结果 西宁市三级医院临床医护人员2016-2017年度流感疫苗接种率为5.14%(95%CI:4.80%~5.49%),多因素分析显示,流感疫苗优先推荐接种人群、接种频次,接种效果的知晓以及职称是主要影响因素。接种组向他人推荐流感疫苗的意愿高于未接种组(χ2=99.57,P<0.001)。结论 西宁市医院临床医护人员流感疫苗接种率低,主要与流感疫苗的认知不足有关。应开展宣传教育,充分发挥示范和影响作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the influenza vaccination and its influencing factors among the clinical staff in Xining, Qinghai province, in the 2016-2017 influenza season, and to explore the promoting strategies to encourage the target population for influenza vaccination. Methods Four sample hospitals were randomly selected from the total 11 tertiary hospitals in Xining city. Clinical staff that worked in the four hospitals and agreed to participate were recruited for investigation via a self-administered questionnaire. Results During the 2016-2017 influenza season, the coverage rate of influenza vaccines among the clinical staff was 5.14% (95%CI:4.80%-5.49%). Multivariate logistic regression showed that knowing the priority of vaccination, the frequency of vaccination, effect of vaccination, and possessing higher professional qualifications were major influencing factors for influenza vaccination. The intention on recommendation of seasonal influenza vaccine was higher in vaccinated group than that in the unvaccinated group (χ2=99.57, P<0.001). Conclusion The lower coverage rate was primarily associated with the lack of knowledge about influenza vaccine among the clinical staff of the hospital. Tailored information should be provided to the clinical staff through effective methods to improve vaccination and the recommendation of influenza vaccine.
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