文章摘要
陈涛,杨静,汪立杰,王大燕.法定节假日对流感样病例就诊比例的影响[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(8):1100-1105
法定节假日对流感样病例就诊比例的影响
The influence of statutory holidays on the proportion of the outpatient and emergency visits for influenza-like illness
投稿时间:2018-06-20  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.08.017
中文关键词: 流感;监测;流感样病例;哨点医院;法定节假日
英文关键词: Influenza;Surveillance;Influenza-like illness;Sentinel hospitals;Statutory holidays
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0500208);科技部应急防控专项(10600100000015001206);流感监测及流感参比中心能力建设(1311400010301)
作者单位E-mail
陈涛 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所国家流感中心 世界卫生组织流感参比和研究合作中心  
杨静 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所国家流感中心 世界卫生组织流感参比和研究合作中心  
汪立杰 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所国家流感中心 世界卫生组织流感参比和研究合作中心  
王大燕 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心病毒病预防控制所国家流感中心 世界卫生组织流感参比和研究合作中心 dayanwang@cnic.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      目的 对2014-2018监测年度中国大陆流感样病例(ILI)报告数占门/急诊就诊总数比例在"春节"和"国庆节"假日期间出现波动的原因进行分析。方法 统计分析"中国流感监测信息系统"中2014-2018监测年度期间"春节"和"国庆节"假日周及前后周南北方省份哨点医院报告的ILI监测数据。结果 南、北方省份假日周与前后一周ILI报告数差异无统计学意义,假日周门诊就诊总数显著低于假日前后一周,但急诊就诊数出现了升高现象,差异均有统计学意义。结论 出现的ILI%假日高峰中,绝大多数是由于各哨点医院受假日门诊停诊影响,导致监测诊室普通内科患者就诊数大幅减少。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the reasons for the fluctuations in the percentage of outpatient or emergency visits for influenza-like illness (ILI) during the Spring Festival and National Day in 2014-2018 surveillance season. Methods ILI surveillance data was collected during the period of Spring Festival and National Day in mainland China, and downloaded from Chinese Influenza Surveillance Information System, during the 2014-2018 surveillance season. Results There was no significant difference noticed in the number of ILI reports in the festival week with weeks before or after in both the southern and northern provinces. The number of outpatient visits was much less than that of the week before and after, but the number of emergency visits was statistically significantly increased. Conclusion In the holiday peak of ILI%, the major causes was the impact of holiday-off at sentinel hospitals, resulting in a large reduction in the number of outpatient visits in the consulting room during the festivals.
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