文章摘要
李雪,刘昆,谷旭,袁筱婕,邵中军.渭河流域2005-2015年肾综合征出血热流行特征及环境危险因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(9):1159-1164
渭河流域2005-2015年肾综合征出血热流行特征及环境危险因素分析
Epidemiological characteristics and environmental risk factors of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Wei River basin, China, 2005-2015
投稿时间:2017-11-17  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.09.004
中文关键词: 肾综合征出血热;增强回归树模型;环境危险因素
英文关键词: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome;Boosted regression trees;Environmental risk factors
基金项目:国家传染病防治科技重大专项(2017ZX10105011);国家自然科学基金面上项目(81373058);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划项目(2017JQ8015);陕西省卫生计生科研基金项目(2016A002)
作者单位E-mail
李雪 710032 西安, 空军军医大学军事预防医学系军队流行病学教研室  
刘昆 710032 西安, 空军军医大学军事预防医学系军队流行病学教研室  
谷旭 261021 潍坊医学院公共卫生与管理学院流行病与卫生统计学教研室  
袁筱婕 710032 西安, 空军军医大学军事预防医学系军队流行病学教研室  
邵中军 710032 西安, 空军军医大学军事预防医学系军队流行病学教研室 13759981783@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解渭河流域2005-2015年肾综合征出血热(HFRS)流行情况,评估影响HFRS空间分布差异的环境因素。方法 通过“中国疾病预防控制信息系统”收集2005-2015年渭河流域HFRS个案资料,统计描述HFRS流行特征;应用增强回归树模型在5 km×5 km栅格尺度上分析引起疾病地理分布差异的主要因素。结果 2005-2015年,渭河流域共报告HFRS病例18 629例,年均发病率为7.24/10万,2012年HFRS发病率最高,达15.18/10万;HFRS高发区域主要集中在西安市、渭南市等渭河中下游地区;患者年龄集中在16~60岁,但2010年后,>60岁年龄组的发病率超过其他年龄组。增强回归树模型显示区域内建筑用地和农田面积覆盖百分比、海拔高度等因素对HFRS地域分布有较高贡献度。结论 渭河流域HFRS流行特征发生显著变化,>60岁老年人成为发病率最高的人群;建筑用地、农田、海拔高度等环境因素对渭河流域HFRS空间分布发挥着重要影响作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Wei River Basin from 2005 to 2015, and analyze the environmental factors that cause the differences of spatial distribution. Methods HFRS reported cases in Wei River Basin from 2005 to 2015 were collected form "National Disease Reporting Information System", and the epidemiological features of HFRS were analyzed. Boosted regression trees (BRT) model was applied to evaluate the environment factors on the geographical distribution of HFRS in Wei River basin at 5 km×5 km gird scale. Results The number of HFRS cases was 18 629, and the average annual incidence from 2005-2015 in Wei River basin was 7.24/100 000. The highest morbidity was 15.18/100 000 in 2012. The middle and lower reaches of Wei River basin had high incidence of HFRS, such as Xi'an, Weinan city. Patients' age was mainly between 16 to 60, and the largest morbidity occured in people over 60 years old. Boosted regression trees modle identified building land, farmland coverage percentage and altitude had higher contribution to the distribution of HFRS. Conclusions The epidemiological characteristics of HFRS changed significantly. Patients older than 60 years old were having the highest incidence rates. Environmental factors such as buildup land, farmland and altitude played important roles in the geographical distribution of HFRS in the Wei River basin.
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