文章摘要
冯岚,宋彬,臧照芳,孙乃玲,王建书,刘芳,雷苏文.公共卫生标准在疾病预防与控制机构实施情况与问题探讨[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(9):1287-1290
公共卫生标准在疾病预防与控制机构实施情况与问题探讨
Discussion on implementation of public health standards adopted in centers for disease control and prevention
投稿时间:2018-03-29  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.09.027
中文关键词: 公共卫生标准;疾病预防与控制机构;实施
英文关键词: Standards of public health;Center for disease control and prevention;Implementation
基金项目:中国CDC公共卫生标准研究制定项目
作者单位E-mail
冯岚 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心标准处  
宋彬 215004 苏州市疾病预防控制中心  
臧照芳 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心标准处  
孙乃玲 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心标准处  
王建书 215004 苏州市疾病预防控制中心  
刘芳 215004 苏州市疾病预防控制中心  
雷苏文 102206 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心标准处 625947079@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      标准的实施作为标准化活动中最为重要的环节,是标准化活动的目的所在。疾病预防与控制机构是我国疾病防控的主体,而公共卫生标准的实施为疾病预防与控制机构开展疾病监测与防控工作提供了技术依据。本文基于现场座谈和问卷调查对公共卫生标准在疾病预防与控制机构业务工作中的实施情况进行调查。结果显示,疾病预防与控制机构通过网络方式获知标准,参加和开展培训的部门分别占50.00%(25/50)和34.00%(17/50);国家强制规定实施相关标准仍然是各部门应用标准的主要原因;政府推动、工作需求促进标准实施,对标准的熟悉程度影响标准的实施。原因可能是省级及以下卫生标准协调管理部门的缺失、获取标准的途径相对匮乏、标准组织培训工作有待加强等,应强化公共卫生标准的实施。
英文摘要:
      As the most important phase in standardization activity, implementation saves as the essence. CDC in China are the major institutions undertaking disease control and prevention. Implementing the standards of public health provides technical basis for CDC to complete the task of disease control and prevention. In the study, spot conversation and questionnaire were used to investigate the implementation of standards on public health in CDC. Results showed that the staff of CDC got to know the standards through the Internet. The departments of CDC which conducted training and sent staff to attend training courses accounted for 50.00%(25/50) and 34.00%(17/50), respectively. State mandatory rule is still the main reason for relevant departments to implement the standards of the public health. Government promotion activities facilitate the implementation of Standards, and the degree of familiarity with Standards affects the implementation as well. The paper summarizes the existing problems, such as the lack of coordination between departments of public health at provincial level or below, lack of access to standards, and the need to strengthen the training of the standard implementation etc. It puts forward some suggestions to strengthen the implementation of public health Standards.
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