文章摘要
房玥晖,何宇纳,白国银,赵文华.2010-2012年中国成年女性居民饮酒行为现状及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(11):1432-1437
2010-2012年中国成年女性居民饮酒行为现状及影响因素分析
Prevalence of alcohol drinking and influencing factors in female adults in China, 2010-2012
投稿时间:2018-01-18  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.11.003
中文关键词: 女性;饮酒;影响因素;横断面研究
英文关键词: Female;Alcohol drinking;Influencing factor;Cross-sectional study
基金项目:国家卫生和计划生育委员会医改重大项目——中国居民营养与健康状况监测(2010-2012年)
作者单位E-mail
房玥晖 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
何宇纳 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
白国银 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所  
赵文华 100050 北京, 中国疾病预防控制中心营养与健康所 whzhao@ilsichina.org 
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中文摘要:
      目的 描述我国成年女性饮酒行为特征、分析其社会经济影响因素。方法 利用2010-2012年中国居民营养与健康状况监测数据进行分析,调查采用多阶段分层与人口成比例的整群随机抽样方法,在全国150个监测点开展问卷调查,共分析75 518名≥18岁成年女性的饮酒行为信息。采用2009年国家统计局公布的全国人口数据作为标准人口计算权重,对率进行复杂抽样加权处理,采用非条件多因素logistic回归分析影响因素。结果 我国城乡地区成年女性饮酒率分别为13.9%(95% CI:11.7~16.2)和13.3%(95% CI: 9.4~17.2),饮酒者经常饮酒率分别为13.9%(95% CI:9.9~17.9)和14.2%(95% CI:10.8~17.6),过量饮酒率分别为11.1%(95% CI: 7.5~14.8)和12.8%(95% CI: 9.1~16.4)。我国城市地区女性饮酒者葡萄酒消费率显著高于农村地区,且随收入水平和文化程度提高而升高。影响我国女性饮酒行为的社会经济因素包括职业、家庭成员饮酒和吸烟行为。其中,从事农业及生产运输(OR=0.72,95% CI:0.56~0.94,P=0.016)、家务(OR=0.59,95% CI:0.44~0.78,P<0.001)及其他工作(OR=0.61,95% CI:0.43~0.85,P=0.004)的女性饮酒率较低,家庭中有他人饮酒(OR=2.66,95% CI:2.17~3.26,P<0.001)和吸烟(OR=4.32,95% CI:2.95~6.34,P<0.01)的女性饮酒率更高。结论 我国成年女性饮酒率、经常饮酒率和过量饮酒率均处于较低水平,职业、家庭成员饮酒和吸烟行为是影响女性饮酒行为的主要因素。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the prevalence of alcohol drinking and influencing factors in female adults in China. Methods At the 150 survey sites where 2010-2012 Chinese nutrition and health surveillance was conducted, a face to face questionnaire survey was conducted in female adults selected through multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling. Sample weights was assigned to each participant based on the study design by using national population census data in 2009. The complex sampling and unconditional multivariate logistics regression analysis was conducted to identify the influencing factors for the prevalence of alcohol drinking in the female adults. Results A total of 75 518 participants were included in this study. The prevalence of drinking in female adults was 13.9% (95% CI:11.7-16.2) in urban area and 13.3% (95% CI:9.4-17.2) in rural area. The prevalence of frequent drinking was 13.9% (95% CI:9.9-17.9) in women in urban area and 14.2% (95% CI:10.8-17.6) in women in rural area. The prevalence of excessive drinking was 11.1% (95% CI:7.5-14.8) in women in urban area and 12.8% (95% CI:9.1-16.4) in women in rural area. The prevalence of wine drinking in women in urban area was significantly higher than in women in rural and had positive correlation with income and education levels. The social and economic factors influencing drinking behavior of the female adults included occupation, drinking behaviors of family members and smoking behavior. Those who were engaged in agriculture, production and transportation (OR=0.72, 95% CI:0.56-0.94, P=0.016), housework (OR=0.59, 95% CI:0.44-0.78, P<0.001) and other work (OR=0.61, 95% CI:0.43-0.85, P=0.004) had lower drinking prevalence. Whereas those whose family members had drinking behavior (OR=2.66, 95% CI:2.17-3.26, P<0.001) and those who were current smokers (OR=4.32, 95% CI:2.95-6.34, P<0.01) had higher drinking prevalence. Conclusions The prevalence of drinking, frequent alcohol drinking and excessive drinking were relatively low in female adults in China. Occupation, drinking behaviors of family members and smoking behavior were the main factors influencing the prevalence drinking behavior in female adults in China.
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