文章摘要
严若华,彭晓霞.医学期刊统计报告要求的详述与解读[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(1):99-105
医学期刊统计报告要求的详述与解读
Statistical reporting requirements for medical journals: Amplifications and explanations
投稿时间:2018-10-09  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.01.020
中文关键词: 医学期刊;统计报告
英文关键词: Medical journals;Statistical reporting
基金项目:北京市医院管理局临床医学发展专项(ZYLX201840)
作者单位E-mail
严若华 国家儿童医学中心 首都医科大学附属北京儿童医院 临床流行病学与循证医学中心, 北京 100045  
彭晓霞 国家儿童医学中心 首都医科大学附属北京儿童医院 临床流行病学与循证医学中心, 北京 100045 pengxiaoxia@bch.com.cn 
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中文摘要:
      本文旨在对医学期刊统计报告要求中的条目进行详述与解读,为提高医学论文的统计报告质量提供参考。本文基于国际医学期刊编辑委员会(ICMJE)、提高健康研究质量与透明度协作网(EQUATOR)、中华医学杂志编辑部等发布的医学研究报告规范,从研究设计、统计分析与结果报告3个方面对统计学相关条目进行归纳,并结合已发表的医学论文进行案例解读。需要注意的是,英文医学期刊普遍参考ICMJE提出的"医学期刊学术著作实施、报告、编辑和发表建议"及EQUATOR协作网发布的针对多种研究设计类型的报告声明等规范性文件,对于医学研究的统计报告有详细规定;中文医学期刊通常采用编辑部自行刊发的对统计学报告的要求,虽然对统计分析的格式和内容有具体说明,但并不充分,建议根据国际规范完善现行的统计报告要求。本文对医学期刊统计报告要求的相关条目进行归纳与实例解读,将帮助研究者了解医学研究的统计报告要求,从而切实提高医学论文的统计报告质量。
英文摘要:
      Our study aimed to amplify and explain the items of statistical reporting requirements proposed by medical journals, and to improve the statistical reporting quality of medical articles. Statistical reporting requirements were obtained from the reporting standards published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency of Health Research (EQUATOR) network, and the editorial board of Chinese Medical Journal, etc. The items involved in statistical reporting requirements were summarized as issues of study design, statistical analysis, and interpretation of results. Each item was amplified based on cases of original articles. It is noticeable that the statistical reporting requirements of English medical journals generally referring to guidance documents, including "Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing, and publication of scholarly work in medical journals" proposed by the ICMJE, or the statements for different study types published by the EQUATOR network, where the statistical reporting of medical articles had been detailed specified. The statistical reporting requirements of Chinese medical journals, however, were usually stated by the editorial boards. Although the formats and contents of statistical analysis had been regulated, the requirements of Chinese medical journals were to some extent insufficient and should be enhanced in accordance with the international standards. In conclusion, the amplification and explanation of statistical reporting requirements were expected to help investigators understand the requirements for statistical reporting in medical researches, so as to effectively improve the quality of medical articles.
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