文章摘要
曹亚景,祁素芬,殷洪山,张帆,史卫卫,高金钗,刘璐,孙纪新.河北省老年居民高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率和控制率现况分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(3):296-300
河北省老年居民高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率和控制率现况分析
Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly residents in Hebei province
投稿时间:2018-08-03  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.008
中文关键词: 高血压;患病率;知晓率;治疗率;控制率;危险因素
英文关键词: Hypertension;Prevalence;Awareness rate;Treatment rate;Control rate;Risk factor
基金项目:河北省医学科学研究重点课题(20170448)
作者单位E-mail
曹亚景 河北省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病防治所, 石家庄 050021  
祁素芬 河北医科大学公共卫生学院社会医学与卫生事业管理教研室, 石家庄 050017  
殷洪山 河北医科大学第三医院心血管二科, 石家庄 050051  
张帆 河北省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病防治所, 石家庄 050021  
史卫卫 河北省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病防治所, 石家庄 050021  
高金钗 河北省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病防治所, 石家庄 050021  
刘璐 华北理工大学公共卫生学院, 唐山 063210  
孙纪新 河北省疾病预防控制中心慢性非传染性疾病防治所, 石家庄 050021 jixinsun888@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解河北省老年人群高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率、控制率现况。方法 2015年8-12月,采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样的方法抽取年龄≥ 60岁常住人口为样本,分析河北省不同特征人群高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率、控制率现况。结果 共有2 501人纳入分析。河北省老年人群高血压患病率为63.7%(男性:58.3%,女性:69.0%),高血压知晓率为42.4%(男性:35.7%,女性:48.0%),治疗率为38.2%(男性:32.0%,女性:43.3%),控制率为9.0%(男性:8.1%,女性:9.7%)。多因素分析结果显示,年龄、性别、文化程度、BMI和中心性肥胖对老年人群高血压患病率、知晓率、治疗率、控制率均有影响(P<0.001)。结论 河北省老年人群高血压患病率较高,知晓率、治疗率、控制率较低。超重、肥胖、中心性肥胖与老年人群高血压关系显著。应规范老年人群健康管理,对高血压各危险因素进行综合防控,提高控制率。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly residents in Hebei province. Methods Elderly residents aged ≥ 60 were selected though multistage clustering sampling during August to December, 2015. Design based methods were adopted to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in local residents of Hebei. Results A total of 2 501 elderly adults were included in the study. The overall prevalence rate of hypertension was 63.7% (58.3% in males, 69.0% in females), the awareness rate of hypertension was 42.4% (35.7% in males, 48.0% in females), the treatment rate was 38.2% (32.0% in males, 43.3% in females), and the control rate was 9.0% (8.1% in males, 9.7% in females). The results of multivariate analysis indicated that age, sex, degree of education, BMI and central obesity were the factors influencing the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly population in Hebei. Conclusions The prevalence of hypertension was high, but the rates of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension were low in elderly residents in Hebei. The influences of overweight, obesity and central obesity on hypertension were significant in the elderly. It is necessary to standard the management of hypertension and reduce the risk factors for hypertension in elderly population to improve the control of hypertension.
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