文章摘要
何美坤,刘晓君,毛宗福.健康相关行为影响因素[J].中华流行病学杂志,2019,40(3):366-370
健康相关行为影响因素
Review of factors affecting health-related behaviors
投稿时间:2018-10-08  
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.021
中文关键词: 健康相关行为;健康促进行为;危害健康行为;影响因素
英文关键词: Health-related behavior;Health-promoted behavior;Health-risky behavior;Influencing factor
基金项目:国家卫生健康委员会统计信息中心项目
作者单位E-mail
何美坤 武汉大学全球健康研究中心 430071  
刘晓君 武汉大学全球健康研究中心 430071  
毛宗福 武汉大学全球健康研究中心 430071 zfmao@whu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      健康相关行为与健康结局息息相关。本文回顾了近15年国内外健康相关行为影响因素研究成果,系统梳理了健康相关行为影响因素的研究现状。研究表明,影响健康相关行为的因素有个体社会人口学因素、个体社会认知因素和社会环境因素。社会人口学因素包括个体的性别、年龄、婚姻状况、经济收入和文化程度;个体社会认知因素主要为自我效能、健康信念、社会支持和同伴影响;社会环境因素主要为大众媒体传播、设施可及性和城镇化水平等。
英文摘要:
      Health related behaviors are closely related to health outcomes. This paper reviews the studies on factors for health related behaviors worldwide published in recent 15 years, and systematically summarizes the current research status of the factors for health related behaviors. The factors influencing health related behaviors are individual social demographic factors, social cognitive factors of individuals, and social environmental factors. The individual social demographic factors mainly include gender, age, marital status, economic level and educational level. The social cognitive factors of individuals mainly include self-efficacy, health belief, social support and peer influence. The social environmental factors mainly include mass media, accessibility of facilities and level of urbanization, etc.
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